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Pantheon- Oculo

Il Pantheon ("tempio di tutti gli dei") è un edificio di Roma antica, costruito come tempio dedicato alle divinità dell'Olimpo. Gli abitanti di Roma lo chiamano amichevolmente la Rotonna, o Ritonna[1] ("la Rotonda"), da cui anche il nome della piazza antistante. Fu fatto ricostruire dall'imperatore Adriano tra il 118 e il 128 d.C., dopo che gli incendi del 80 e del 110 d.C. avevano danneggiato la costruzione precedente di età augustea.

All'inizio del VII secolo il Pantheon è stato convertito in basilica cristiana, chiamata Santa Maria della Rotonda, o Santa Maria ad Martyres, il che gli ha consentito di sopravvivere quasi integro alle spoliazioni apportate agli edifici della Roma classica dai papi.

The Pantheon Latin: Pantheon,[nb 1] [pantʰewn] from Greek: Πάνθεον (ἱερόν), an adjective meaning "(temple consecrated) to all gods") is a building in Rome, Italy, commissioned by Marcus Agrippa as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian in about 126 AD.

The building is circular with a portico of large granite Corinthian columns (eight in the first rank and two groups of four behind) under a pediment. A rectangular vestibule links the porch to the rotunda, which is under a coffered, concrete dome, with a central opening (oculus) to the sky. Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon's dome is still the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome. The height to the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same, 43.3 metres (142 ft).

It is one of the best-preserved of all Roman buildings. It has been in continuous use throughout its history, and since the 7th century, the Pantheon has been used as a Roman Catholic church dedicated to "St. Mary and the Martyrs" but informally known as "Santa Maria della Rotonda." The square in front of the Pantheon is called Piazza della Rotonda.

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on January 8, 2013
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Daniela Brocca
    • Camera: Panasonic DMC-FZ28
    • Taken on 2012/10/13 10:58:24
    • Exposure: 0.020s (1/50)
    • Focal Length: 4.80mm
    • F/Stop: f/2.800
    • ISO Speed: ISO100
    • Exposure Bias: -0.66 EV
    • No flash