From visitmaine.com; In the 1950s, tiny Richmond, Maine, a tight-knit community edging the Kennebec River south of Augusta, was home to the largest rural Russian-speaking population in the country. More than 500 Russians, Ukrainians, Cossacks, and Byelorussians arrived here after World War II at the invitation of Baron Vladimir von Poushental, a Russian émigré and veteran of the tsar's World War I air force. Von Poushental had settled here in 1947, purchased land and abandoned farms, and advertised cheap land and a climate and countryside resembled Russia in Russian-language papers. He even donated a farm to veterans of Russia's White Army.
At the heyday, this Slavic community on the Kennebec had a Russian restaurant, Russian bootmaker's shop, and three Orthodox churches; St. Alexander Nevsky, Maine's only Russian Orthodox church, celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2003. There was a balalaika orchestra and a Slavophil society. Even today, Russian onion-style domes standout among the town's Greek revival, colonial, and traditional New England farmhouse architecture.