Cóndor en Valle Nevado, Lo Barnechea, Santiago, Chile.

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Vultur gryphus, llamado comúnmente cóndor andino, cóndor de los Andes, o simplemente cóndor (del quechua cùntur) es una especie de la familia Cathartidae del orden de aves accipitriformes. Habita en Sudamérica, en la cordillera de los Andes (mayormente de Perú, Bolivia y Chile), cordilleras próximas a ella, sierras del centro de la Argentina, y en las costas adyacentes de los océanos Pacífico y Atlántico. Es el ave no marina de mayor envergadura del Planeta. No posee sub especies. Es un ave grande y negra, con plumas blancas alrededor del cuello y en partes de las alas. La cabeza carece de plumas y es de color rojo, pudiendo cambiar de tonalidad de acuerdo al estado emocional del ave. A diferencia de la mayor parte de las aves de presa, el macho es mayor que la hembra. Es un ave carroñera. Alcanza la madurez sexual a los 5 o 6 años y anida entre los 1000 y 5000 msnm, generalmente en formaciones rocosas inaccesibles. Posee una tasa de reproducción muy baja y se espera que al menos ponga un huevo cada dos años. Es una de las aves más longevas, pudiendo alcanzar la edad de 50 años. Es un símbolo nacional de Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador y Perú, y tiene un importante rol en el folclore y la mitología de las regiones andinas de Sudamérica. El cóndor andino fue declarado monumento natural de Chile mediante decreto el 30 de junio de 2006. La Unión Internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza la cataloga como una especie casi amenazada, ya que sufre la pérdida de su hábitat y el envenenamiento por la ingesta de animales intoxicados o de los propios cebos envenenados colocados ilegalmente por cazadores y ganaderos. Varios países iniciaron programas de reproducción en cautividad. Es considerada como Patrimonio Cultural y natural de Sudamérica.


The Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus) is a species of South American bird in the New World vulture family Cathartidae and is the only member of the genus Vultur. Found in the Andes mountains and adjacent Pacific coasts of western South America, the Andean Condor has a wingspan of up to 3.2 m/10.5 ft but is exceeded by the Wandering Albatross (at up to 3.6 m/12 ft) the Southern Royal Albatross the Dalmatian and the Great White Pelicans (at reportedly up to 3.5 m/11.6 ft). It is a large black vulture with a ruff of white feathers surrounding the base of the neck and, especially in the male, large white patches on the wings. The head and neck are nearly featherless, and are a dull red color, which may flush and therefore change color in response to the bird's emotional state. In the male, there is a wattle on the neck and a large, dark red comb or caruncle on the crown of the head. Unlike most birds of prey, the male is larger than the female. The condor is primarily a scavenger, feeding on carrion. It prefers large carcasses, such as those of deer or cattle. It reaches sexual maturity at five or six years of age and nests at elevations of up to 5,000 m (16,000 ft), generally on inaccessible rock ledges. One or two eggs are usually laid. It is one of the world's longest-living birds, with a lifespan of up to 100 years old in captivity. The Andean Condor is a national symbol of Peru, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, and Ecuador, and plays an important role in the folklore and mythology of the Andean regions. The Andean Condor is considered near threatened by the IUCN. It is threatened by habitat loss and by secondary poisoning from carcasses killed by hunters. Captive breeding programs have been instituted in several countries.

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Comments (4)

Gintarele on February 8, 2013

Here it is! Resting ... Like photo and its hero! Greetings from Vilnius! G.

Patricia Santini on February 8, 2013

Thanks Gintarele for your kind opinion. The ANDEAN CONDOR) is a large bird!

Cheers, Paty

Ghiocela on February 17, 2013

Great capture!! LIKE! Best wishes, Simona

Patricia Santini on February 17, 2013

Thank you very much Simona for all your kind comments!

Regards from Santiago of Chile

Paty Santini

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on February 4, 2013
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Patricia Santini
    • Camera: Canon PowerShot SX30 IS
    • Taken on 2012/02/04 14:09:02
    • Exposure: 0.001s (1/1250)
    • Focal Length: 64.50mm
    • F/Stop: f/5.600
    • ISO Speed: ISO400
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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