Satchari National Park From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
IUCN category II (national park)
Location Habiganj District, Bangladesh Coordinates 24°07′12″N 91°27′03″ECoordinates: 24°07′12″N 91°27′03″E Area 243 ha (600 acres) Established 2005
Satchari National Park (Bengali: সাতছড়ি) is a national park in Habiganj District, Bangladesh. Satchari National Park was built on 243 hectares (600 acres) of land. Literally 'Satchari' in Bengali means 'Seven Streams'. There are seven streams flowing in this jungle, and the name 'Satchari' came from there. Contents
The park is situated in Raghunandan hill, under Paikpara Union, Chunarughat Upazilla, Habiganj District, under Sylhet region. It is 130 kilometres (81 mi) from the capital city of Bangladesh, Dhaka. There are 9 tea gardens nearby. Satchari tea garden is on the West and Chaklapunji tea garden is on the East. Approximately 24 families of Tipra Tribe are living now in the Tipra village. Plants
There are approximately 200 and more trees are in Satchari National Park. Shaal (Shorea robusta), Segun (Tectona grandis), Agar, Garjan, Chapalish, Palm, Mehgani, Krishnachur, Dumur (Ficus), Jamrul, Shidha Jarul, Awal, Malekas, Eucalyptus, Akashmoni, Bamboo trees, bet trees (regional name Mutra) are the most common species of trees found there. Wildlife
Wildlife in this park is rich. Red Junglefowl, Red-headed Trogon, Oriental Pied Hornbill, Pygmy Woodpecker are some of them. Critically endangered Hoolock Gibbon also resides here. Also Phayre's Leaf Monkey, a species of Langur also resides here. Nisharga Shahayata Prakalpa
Beside the National Forest Department, an NGO named "Nisharga", with their "Nisharga Shahayata Prakalpa", observes the park. Beside the preserving forest they provide eco-tours. The Tripuri (also Tipra or Tipperah) people are the original inhabitants of the Kingdom of Tripura in North-East India and Bangladesh. The Tripuri people through the Royal family of the Debbarmas ruled the Kingdom of Tripura for more than 2000 years till the kingdom joined the Indian Union in 1949.
The Tripuri people are considered part of the Tibeto-Burmese ethnic group. Originally they migrated from near the upper courses of the Yangtze kiang and the Hwang Ho rivers in Western China.
Tripuris entered their present country through its north-eastern corner, settled there and gradually expanded their settlement and suzerainty over the whole of Tripura. They were able to expand their influence as far south as Chittagong, as far west as Comilla and Noakhali (known during the British period as 'plains Tipperah') and as far north as Sylhet (all in present Bangladesh).
The Tripuri people have a rich historical, social and cultural heritage which is totally distinct from that of the mainland Indians, their distinctive culture as reflected in their dance, music, festivals, management of community affairs, dress and food habit has a strong base.
The Tripuris live on the slopes of hills in a group of five to fifty families. Their houses in these areas are built of bamboo or ua as it is called in Kokborok and raised five to six feet height to save themselves from the dangers of the wild animals. Nowadays a considerable section of this community are living in the plains and erecting houses like the plains people, adopting their methods of cultivation, and following them in other aspects of life, such as dress, manners, and cosmetics. Tripuri women wear a scarp, called rignai, which reaches down just below the knee. They weave in their loin-loom a small piece of cloth, which they call risa, and they use this small piece of cloth as their breast garment.