After the fall of the Alamo on March 6, 1836, Gen. Sam Houston led the Texan army in retreat from Gonzales. The Mexican army under Gen. Santa Anna followed eastward from San Antonio. However, Houston's army, didn't know where the Mexican army was. Texan scouts led by Erastus "Deaf" Smith captured thee Mexicans, including a courier, and a guide near here. The prisoners and their dispatches revealed the location, size, and plans of the Mexican army. With this intelligence, Houston defeated Santa Anna in a surprise attack on April 21 at the San Jacinto River. The Battle of San Jacinto ended the Texas Revolution and secured the independent Republic of Texas.