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Yazilikaya (Midas city) Eskişehir/ TURKEY

Yazilikaya (Midas City): Yazilikaya, 39 km far away from Cifteler County, was built on rocky platform thousands of years ago. It is on Phrygian Plateau which has a shape like rectangle and 1315 m elevation.

The writers, lived in Roma age, had written that air on this region was healthy and soil was fruitful. Bardakci stream passes from there also. Midas monument is typical sample of Phrygian art. This monument is not a grave monument, and done for placing a Kybele (Mother God) statue like seen in many samples of rock monuments in Phrygia. Since there are Phrygian writings on the monument, it is called as “YAZILIKAYA” (carved rock) and “MIDAS Monument” because writings are about “MIDAS”. It is a cult monument. Midas Monument is supposed to be built in B.C. 550. It is processed as a side of a temple on a rock. Its face looks to East. The most interesting issue about the monument is that there are three writings which are not solved yet and were published by Ch. Texiker in 1839 for the first time.

First Inscription: The inscription has writing with letters of 45 cm size and a length of 11 m on the frontal rock extension. The words “ATES” and “MIDAI” are read well, which are related with Phrygian language. ATES is one of the Phrygian gods. According to the legends, Midai is the mother of King Midas and protector of the products. At the same time, discovery of iron is related with the goddess. As a result, the monument is related with the iron industry.

Second Inscription: The inscription is written on a rectangular indentation on both sides of Midas monument with letters of 45 cm height.

Third Inscription: The inscription is written on a rectangular pole with letters of 25 cm height, beginning from top to bottom. The word “BABA” is read easily at beginning of the inscription.

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on March 23, 2013
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Nurcan Yahsi
    • Taken on 2012/12/02 16:32:13
    • Exposure: 0.008s (1/125)
    • Focal Length: 16.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/13.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO500
    • Exposure Bias: -0.67 EV
    • No flash