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Ancient Fortress Eleftheron

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The archaeological site of Eleutherai, on the old Athens-Thebes National Road, north of the Villia junction, encompasses part of the lowland and rocky hill, where the ancient fortress, known as Gyftokastro, stands. Eleutherai was allegedly the birthplace of Dionysus, who founded the homonymous city and was thus called Dionysus Eleuthereus. Originally a Boeotian city, Eleutherai went over to Athens in the sixth century BC. The cult statue of Dionysus Eleuthereus was reportedly moved from Eleutherai to Athens on Peisistratus' orders, leading to the establishment of the homonymous sanctuary on the south slope of the Acropolis. Strategically located on the borderline of the Athenian territory, with control over the narrow passage between Athens and Thebes and overlooking the plain of Oinoe, Eleutherai was part of the Athenian defence network in the fourth century BC. The archaeological site has been cleared of undergrowth.

Author E. Mpaziotopoulou - Valavani, archaeologist

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Comments (9)

maxou MAXOU on March 28, 2013

Very beautiful view !

♥ LIKE + First Favorite ♥

greetings from Corsica...->maxou

Zsuzsanna Bánfalvi on March 29, 2013

Wonderful view ! LIKE M

Inger Karlin Larsson on March 29, 2013

Spectacular view, fantastic building and great composition YS + L
Greetings from Gotland, Inger

joeri Goossens on March 29, 2013

Very beautiful view , LIKE, Greetings , Joeri.

FotOlga on March 29, 2013

Very beautiful view, makis-GREECE! L 5 + F 4. Greetings, Olga

senmax on April 2, 2013

Very nice photo. YSL.

enrico farina on April 6, 2013

very nice photo !! greetings!! like

René Merz on July 16, 2013

Very beautiful composition: YSL

Best wishes, René

Gori Bau on November 10, 2013

interesting photo and informations about the ancient fortress => Like => best regards from Italy, Fabrizio

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on March 28, 2013
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by makis-GREECE ®
    • Camera: Canon EOS 1000D
    • Taken on 2011/05/22 10:53:56
    • Exposure: 0.000s (1/4000)
    • Focal Length: 18.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/4.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO400
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash