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Katale Khor cave in Zanjan غار کتله خور در زنجان

غار کتله‌خور، غاری است خشکی -آبی، واقع در استان زنجان، شهرستان خدابنده و در ۸۰ کیلومتری جنوب قیدار و ۱۷۳ کیلومتری شمال همدان و ۴۱۰ کیلومتری تهران و ۵ کیلومتری شهر کوچک گرماب واقع است. در بعضی ازمناطق غربی ایران به کوههای کم ارتفاع کتله می‌گویند و احتمالاً وجه تسمیه غار نیز به همین علت باشد که غار در یکی از این کوهها قرارگرفته‌است و خورشید از پشت آن طلوع می‌کند و بجای کتله خورشید به آن کتله خور گویند. نخستین بار در بهار سال ١٣٣١ خورشیدی گروهی از سرشناس ترین کوهنوردان ایران از اعضاء باشگاه "نیرو راستی" اقدام به کشف و بازدید غار کتله خور نمودند. یکی از اعضای زنجانی گروه بنام سید اسدالله جمالی اقدام به ثبت رسمی غار نمود. از آن پس غار کتله خور به عنوان پدیده شگرف طبیعی مورد توجه علاقه مندان غار نوردی قرار گرفته است. ص

Kataleh Khor Cave is a cave located in the Zanjan Province and was discovered in the 20th century. It is located 140 kilometers south west of Zanjan, in the southern skirts of the Saghezloo mountains, and 410 kilometers from Tehran. The name, Katale Khor, means "Mount of Sun”. Geological studies in 1984 showed that the cave formation dates back to the Jurassic period. It is believed that the cave connects to Ali Sadr Cave. The inlet to this cave stands 6-8 meters above a dry river. The cave has flat walls with high ceiling and archaeologists estimate the age of the cave at 30 million years. The entrance to Kataleh Khor resembles a crevice at the beginning and culminates in a triangular arch. Archaeologists have made the entrance bigger and it currently stands at 1.5 meters high. The beauty of this cave is enhanced due to the formation of stalactites and stalagmites because of calcified precipitation. There are also multicolored conical shaped icicles (due to impurities) suspended from the roof although some of them are crystals clear. In the larger passages, a constant trickle of water has brought about the presence of beautiful designs and notable shapes similar to a cauliflower. On the cave flooring a skeleton of a four legged animal which has been converted to a calcified compound can also be noted. more ...

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on April 15, 2013
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Hadi Natureboy (Saba…
    • Camera: Canon PowerShot A540
    • Taken on 2013/04/13 15:16:49
    • Exposure: 1.000s
    • Focal Length: 5.80mm
    • F/Stop: f/2.600
    • Exposure Bias: 2.00 EV
    • No flash