Xanthi is a city of Thrace in northern Greece. For the name of the city there are two views: the first that Xanthi was named one of the daughters of Oceanus and Tethys and the second to be from an Amazon who had the name Xanthi and then reigned in the region. Belongs to the Periphery of East Macedonia and Thrace. It is the capital of the prefecture and the municipality with a population of 57,873 inhabitants according to the official census of 2011.
Strabo mentions the city Xantheia the late 1st century BC calling it "Kikonon city." As Xantheia attested also in 879 AD when the bishop of this, George is reported to participate in the Fourth Council of Constantinople. However there is no archaeological evidence for the identification of the ancient city with the same name as the Byzantine site of ancient Xantheia is not clear but is positioned to the east of the Byzantine and especially across the pond Vistonida.
The city was a landmark campaign of Andronikos III Palaiologos in 1327 during the civil war that prevailed at the time. During the Greek Revolution of 1821 the citizens of Xanthi participated with principal chieftain, Captain George Demetriou. The booming of the city came at the 18th-19th century, when the city became famous around the world for the smoke, and had nothing to envy from other European cities. They called it also "little Paris", because of the wealth it had at the time. The booming economy of the city were interrupted two difficult periods: a) the Greek revolution, when many citizens were arrested and imprisoned (including the then Metropolitan Seraphim) and b) two successive earthquakes in 1829 (March and April) razed the town and nearby villages. The first phase of the construction of today's Old Town, retaining much of the old urban area is estimated to be between 1830-1845 with builders of Western Macedonia and Epirus. After the destruction of Genisea in 1870 starts the second phase of the construction of the city. The city is the administrative center of the region and in 1891 the railway line Thessaloniki - Istanbul was completed. During the period 1870-1910 the city was developing a strong economic activity and we have a booming economy.
During the First Balkan War, Xanthi occupied by the Bulgarians on November 8, 1912. On July 13, 1913 released by the Greek army, but the Treaty of Bucharest (1913) attributed the whole Thrace in Bulgaria. The final liberation of the Bulgarians take place on October 4, 1919, after the defeat of the Germans and their allies, the Greek army enters in Xanthi and releases the city.
The full integration of Xanthi and all of Western Thrace in Greece take place by the Treaty of Sèvres on 28 July 1920.
(From Wikipedia, translated by C. Theodorou)