Bosphorus,Istanbul (The photo was taken in 1988)

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The Bosphorus (/ˈbɒsfərəs/) or Bosporus (/ˈbɒspərəs/, Turkish: Boğaziçi, Greek: Βόσπορος, Vosporos, Bulgarian: Босфора, Bosfora), also known as the Istanbul Strait (Turkish: İstanbul Boğazı), is a strait that forms part of the boundary between Europe and Asia. The Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles strait to the southwest together form the Turkish Straits. The world's narrowest strait used for international navigation, the Bosphorus connects the Black Sea with the Sea of Marmara (which is connected by the Dardanelles to the Aegean Sea, and thereby to the Mediterranean Sea.)

The Bosphorus' limits are defined as the connecting line between the lighthouses Rumeli Feneri and Anadolu Feneri in the north and between the Ahırkapı Feneri and the Kadıköy İnciburnu Feneri in the south. Between the limits, the strait is 31 km (17 nmi) long, with a width of 3,329 m (1.798 nmi) at the northern entrance and 2,826 m (1.526 nmi) at the southern entrance. Its maximum width is 3,420 m (1.85 nmi) between Umuryeri and Büyükdere Limanı, and minimum width 700 m (0.38 nmi) between Kandilli Point and Aşiyan. This part of the strait is a dangerous point for maritime traffic: a 45-degree course alteration is required, and the current can reach 7–8 knots. To the south, at Yenikoy, the necessary course alteration is 80 degrees. All the dangers and obstacles characteristic of narrow waterways are present and acute in this critical sea lane. At the above mentioned turns (Kandilli and Yenikoy) where significant course alterations have to be made, the rear and forward sights are totally blocked prior to and during the course alteration. Ships approaching from the opposite direction cannot be seen round these bends. The risks posed by geography are increased dramatically by the heavy ferry traffic across the strait, linking the European and Asian sides of the city.

The depth of Bosphorus varies from 36 to 124 m (118 to 407 ft) in midstream with an average of 65 m (213 ft). The deepest location is between Kandilli and Bebek with 110 m (360 ft). The most shallow locations are off Kadıköy İnciburnu on the northward route with 18 m (59 ft) and off Aşiyan Point on the southward route with 13 m (43 ft).

The shores of the strait are heavily populated, straddled as it is by the city of Istanbul (with a metropolitan area in excess of 12 million inhabitants) which extends inland from both coasts.

The name comes from Greek Bosporos (Βόσπορος),which the ancient Greeks analysed as bous βοῦς 'ox' + poros πόρος 'means of passing a river, ford, ferry', thus meaning 'ox-ford', which is a reference to Io (mythology) from Greek mythology who was transformed into a cow and condemned to wander the earth until she crossed the Bosphorus where she met Prometheus. Although it has been known for a while that the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara flow into each other in an example of a density flow, findings of a study by the University of Leeds in August 2010 reveal that there is in fact an underwater channel of high-density water flowing across the floor of the Bosphorus (caused by the difference in density of the two seas), which would be the sixth largest river on Earth if it were to be on land.(Wikipedia)

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Comments (191)

Giorgos Dimitriadis on February 22, 2014

Thanks a lot Akhtar Bashir Nigyal for nice comment and YsL 45/92

Biplab Kumar Pal on June 21, 2014

Excellent shot. F+L, best wishes, Biplab.

Giorgos Dimitriadis on June 21, 2014

Thanks a lot Biplab for kind comment and YsL 45/93

nunila77 merche on November 23, 2014

Buena foto antigua. FAV+LIKE. Feliz lunes. Saludos desde Madrid.

Giorgos Dimitriadis on November 24, 2014

Thanks a lot nunila77 merche for nice comment and YsL 46/94

Красивое фото! F+L C наилучшими пожеланиями из Карелии, Fen

Giorgos Dimitriadis on March 15, 2015

Thank you Fen for kind comment and YsL 47/95

ほなみよしえ on April 19, 2015

Very interesting place and view! ☆☆Favorite+L!☆☆

:^) I am surprised a little that I watch this photograph . A similar fishing village is in Japan too.(Example:panoramio)

Wishing you a very happy springtime!

greetings from JPN,SD34

Giorgos Dimitriadis on April 19, 2015

Thank you SD34 for kind comment and YsL 48/96

ThesergeantAGS Gonza… on December 12, 2015

Beautiful place, perfect photograph, my cordial greetings from Miami (Like + Favorite)

Giorgos Dimitriadis on December 12, 2015

Thank you very much dear Andres for kind comment and YsL 49/97

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Photo taken in Yeniköy, İskele Sk. No:11, 34464 Sarıyer/İstanbul, Turkey

Photo details

  • Uploaded on May 11, 2013
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Giorgos Dimitriadis
    • Camera: FUJI PHOTO FILM CO., LTD. SP-3000

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