Thank you Maremagna. I guess, the genesis of these construction techniques and beehive forms might possibly go back to 8.000 BC or much earlier. If it is true, how these structural forms managed to survive almost intact worth examining. I guess the self sufficiency (or sustainability) might be the clue. Another example of the similar construction tecnique can be seen in Harran, Turkey in
Sustainability is the buzzword for all clever people now days including architects. The clever architects are discovering that, these bee hive dwellings are probably the best example of sustainable construction. Of course peoples circumstance change, they may have more income to spend on household utilities like tap water, electricity, better toilet and bathroom facilities, fridge, washing machine, more efficient cooking and heating etc. Do we need to demolish the bee hive dwellings in order to add these modern utilities?. Surely not. What do you think?
These are much more aesthetic than the ones in Turkey/Urfa/Harran:)
I don't know much about the trends in architecture and I don't have such an education on the construction techniques but I like to talk about these kind of things as I am in love with the life of communities...
So please accept my apologies if I say anything inconvenient:)
I agree with you that we don't have to demolish older forms of construction to add those utilities. Form doesn't have to change.
But I think the addition of those kind of utilities to the houses may require some kind of slight changes in the materials used in the construction. Because these facilities and utilities like tap water, toilet, bathroom means an excessive usage of water in the modern way of life and the usage of water may well corrupt the material used in these buildings. A good isolation would be essential...
So I think, the people who familiarize with and understand the importance and convenience of having these kind of utilities "in" the house believe that, instead of having to modify every new facility to the house, building a completely modern house with tougher and more incorruptible materials is cheaper and sounder.
I think I would do the same given the economical circumstances in these countries where you can find those dwellings.
These beehives are made only with mud and excrements. they have no poles to support the structure, even inside walls. have no windows and only one door. they are very fresh inside, according to the hot climate of the region. height depends from the breadth of the base. walls are large about 40cm on the ground and 10 on the top. each year, after the rain season they should be restored. constructing takes more than 8 months, while the "modern" huts take less than two weeks. here why people now prefer to construct huts with mud and straw roof. they don't look for facilities or comforts because in the region there is no electricity, no water, no cooking, nothing. the beehives that still survive are considered an heritage to preserve, but a few nowdays live inside.
I have found yet another beehive construction in Italy. More information see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trullo
"A trullo (plural, trulli) a traditional Apulian stone dwelling with a conical roof. They may be found in the towns of Alberobello, Locorotondo, Fasano, Cisternino, Martina Franca and Ceglie Messapica. Trulli were generally constructed as dwellings or storehouses. Traditionally they were built without any cement or mortar."
and a nice photograph see: http://www.panoramio.com/photo/4415652
Although the materials used are not exactly the same, stone built beehive construction have a lot in common with these houses.
the Italian trulli are made out of stones, and do not have to cool the inhabitants of a desert climate like these beehives, so I think the shapes are similar only superficially
interesting place, nice photo!!
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Photo taken in Pouss, Cameroon
Misplaced? Suggest new location