Ganj Nameh - Hamadan - One (on the left) ordered by Darius the Great (521-485 BC) and the other (on the right) ordered by Xerxes the Great (485-65 BC). گنجنامه - همدان

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سنگ‌ نبشته‌های گنج‌نامه نوشتارهایی از دوران داریوش و خشایارشای هخامنشی است که بر دل یکی از صخره‌های کوه الوند در فاصله ۵ کیلومتری غرب همدان و در انتهای درهٔ عباس‌آباد حکاکی شده‌است. کتیبه‌ها هر کدام در سه ستون ۲۰ سطری به زبان‌های پارسی باستان، بابلی و عیلامی قدیم نوشته شده‌اند. متن پارسی باستان در سمت چپ هر دو لوح جای گرفته‌است و پهنایی معادل ۱۱۵ سانتی متر دارد. متن بابلی در وسط هر دو کتیبه نوشته شده و متن عیلامی در ستون سوم قراردارد. لوح سمت چپ که کمی بالاتر از کتیبهٔ دیگر در کوه کنده شده‌است مربوط به داریوش بزرگ هخامنشی است. طول آن حدود ۲۹۰ سانتی متر، ارتفاعش ۱۹۰ سانتی متر و دارای متنی به این شرح است:

خدای بزرگ است اهورامزدا، که این زمین را آفرید، که آن آسمان را آفرید، که مردم را آفرید، که شادی را برای مردم آفرید، که داریوش را شاه کرد، شاهی از میان بسیاری، فرمانروائی از میان بسیاری. مَنَم داریوش، شاه بزرگ، شاهِ شاهان، شاهِ سرزمین‌هایی که نژادهای گوناگون دارند، شاه سرزمین دور و دراز، پسر ویشتاسب هخامنشی.

کتیبهٔ خشایارشا نیز در قسمت پائین همین کتیبه‌است و به طول ۲۷۰ سانتی متر و ارتفاع ۱۹۰ سانتی متر و متن آن عبارت است از:

خدای بزرگ است اهورامزدا، که بزرگ‌ترین خدایان است، که این زمین را آفرید، که آن آسمان را آفرید، که مردم را آفرید، که برای مردم شادی آفرید، که خشایارشا را شاه کرد، یگانه از میان شاهان بسیار، یگانه فرمانروا از میان فرمانروایان بی‌شمار. من خشایارشا، شاه بزرگ، شاهِ شاهان، شاهِ کشورهای دارای ملل بسیار، شاه این سرزمین بزرگِ دوردستِ پهناور، پسر داریوش شاه هخامنشی.

Ganj Nameh (Persian: گنجنامه‎ literally: Treasure epistle) is an ancient inscription, 5 km southwest of Hamedan, on the side of Alvand Mountain in Iran. The inscription, which has been carved in granite, is composed of two sections. One (on the left) ordered by Darius the Great (521-485 BC) and the other (on the right) ordered by Xerxes the Great (485-65 BC). Both sections, which have been carved in three ancient languages of Old Persian, Neo-Babylonian and Neo-Elamite, start with praise of God (Ahura Mazda) and describe the lineage and deeds of the mentioned kings.

The later generations who could not read the Cuneiform alphabets of the ancient Persian assumed that they contained the guide to an uncovered treasury; hence they called it Ganjnameh. The name literally means "treasure epistle", but it has also been called Jangnameh (Persian: جنگنامه‎) whose literal translation is "war epistle".

The translation of the text on the right plate, attributed to Xerxes, is:

"The Great God is Ahuramazda, greatest of all the gods, who created the earth and the sky and the people; who made Xerxes king, and outstanding king as outstanding ruler among innumerable rulers; I am the great king Xerxes, king of kings, king of lands with numerous inhabitants, king of this vast kingdom with far-away territories, son of the Achaemenid monarch Darius."

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Comments (79)

Hadi Natureboy (Saba… on July 14, 2013

Thanks dear friends István and İSMAİL

For your very kind comments.

It's very kind of you.

Chinappi on July 19, 2013

For me, this is a very interesting capture. As far I understand, the job was well done.

Thanks you for sharing.

Of course, I LIKE and I VOTE for it.

I really found your photo in order to vote … not so easy …

More generally, you have a beautiful gallery.

I am very happy for your visit and your comments. Thank you very much for them.

See you soon… Best regards from Grasse, in France.


Hadi Natureboy (Saba… on July 19, 2013

Greetings dear friend Chinappi

And thanks so much for your very kind comment.

It's very kind of you.

All you compliments are appreciated.

Best wishes from north of Iran.

Modesta Roman Tae on August 15, 2013

Beautiful photo

Greetings from Indonesia


Hadi Natureboy (Saba… on August 21, 2013

Thank you so much dear ROMAN

It's very kind of you.

ALESS on August 22, 2013

foarte frumoasa like 43 +fav9

Hadi Natureboy (Saba… on August 22, 2013

Thanks dear Aless

It's very kind of you.

Inge Röpke on August 26, 2013

♥Great shot… marvelous exposure……LIKE44!!!! Greetings from Torhamn, Inge

Hadi Natureboy (Saba… on August 26, 2013

Thank you so much dear Inge

I'm glad you like it.

Kaleb Larsen on September 4, 2013
                                      -thx like-
Hadi Natureboy (Saba… on September 5, 2013

Thanks dear Kaleb Larsen

It's very kind of you!

Imre Lakat on October 22, 2013

Beautiful photo , excellent composition L I K E

Have a nice Day !

Best wishes from Hungary Imre Lakat

Søren Terp on October 26, 2013

Wonderful - like and YS!

leo1383 on October 28, 2013

Like,very interesting capture.regards

Hadi Natureboy (Saba… on November 11, 2013

Thanks so much dear friends for your kind comments.

I'm glad you like this shot.

John J Slovinec, Sr on November 13, 2013

A very special place!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! like * Greetings, John

Hadi Natureboy (Saba… on November 15, 2013

Thanks dear friend John

I'm glad you like it.

NewerMan Man on November 17, 2013

Marvelous shot.
LIKE. All my best wishes, NewerMan.

Deodato Lourenḉo on December 30, 2013

Superb! Very beautiful photo! ★YS+L★!


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Photo details

  • Uploaded on June 3, 2013
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Hadi Natureboy (Saba…
    • Camera: Canon PowerShot A540
    • Taken on 2013/04/12 09:08:54
    • Exposure: 0.003s (1/400)
    • Focal Length: 7.89mm
    • F/Stop: f/4.000
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash