Celsus Kütüphanesi, Efes * 'Celsus Library, Ephesus - Turkey' * Olympist ©

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CELSUS (CELCIUS) LIBRARY; EPHESUS - TURKEY

This library is one of the most beautiful structures in Ephesus. It was built in 117 A.D. It was a monumental tomb for Gaius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, the governor of the province of Asia; from his son Galius Julius Aquila. The grave of Celsus was beneath the ground floor, across the entrance and there was a statue of Athena over it. Because Athena was the goddess of the wisdom.

The scrolls of the manuscripts were kept in cupboards in niches on the walls. There were double walls behind the bookcases to prevent the them from the extremes of temperature and humidity. The capacity of the library was more than 12,000 scrolls. It was the third richest library in ancient times after the Alexandra and Pergamum.

The facade of the library has two-stories, with Corinthian style columns on the ground floor and three entrances to the building. There is three windows openings in the upper story. They used an optical trick that the columns at the sides of the facade are shorter than those at the center, giving the illusion of the building being greater in size.

The statues in the niches of the columns today are the copies of the originals. The statues symbolize wisdom (Sophia), knowledge (Episteme), intelligence (Ennoia) and valor (Arete). These are the virtues of Celsus. The library was restored with the aid of the Austrian Archaeological Institute and the originals of the statues were taken to Ephesus Museum in Vienna in 1910.

There was an auditorium ,which was for lectures or presentations between the library and the Marble Road, was built during the reign of the Emperor Hadrian.

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Comments (153)

Pom' on November 7, 2013

84* 143 :)

JeO112 on November 8, 2013

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Nice classical architecture,☆☆☆Like☆☆☆,
Best wishes from "La isla del encanto"
Puerto Rico....JeO112.
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dziwnowik on November 10, 2013

I ♥ THIS PHOTO !!!!!

♥ ♥ ♥ Best of Panoramio ♥ ♥ ♥

greetings from Poland , Peter ♥

     **YSL** was alerdy
shmbor on November 11, 2013

Wonderful place and shot! YSL!

Greetings, Boris

Mehmed_ on November 21, 2013

2007 yılında Efes i görmek ve gezmek kısmet olmuştu ama, fotoğraf makinemin bozulası tuttuğu :) için bir tane bile çekim yapamamıştım. İhtişamlı bir tarh. güzel çekim, elinize sağlık L+F

BritPlom on November 27, 2013

Beautiful ruins!

L&F

Greetings, François

ALLWO on November 29, 2013

Hallo Mehmet - Du hast die alten Mauern sehr schön fotografiert -
Herzliche Grüße und L 149 vom Wolfgang

Det Lindinger on December 15, 2013

Well seen

OLYMPIST ...........L&F und viele Grüße Det!

<elbor> on December 18, 2013

Very nice shot of famous place- congratulations and greetings from Toruń, Poland. Lech.

vilero on December 28, 2013

Una bonita composición y encuadre, me gusta su colorido recuerdo muy bien este precioso lugar de Effeso LIKE por tu buen trabajo, saludos cordiales del vilero

Alfre MM on February 9

Excellent capture of a magnificent monument. I like. Regards, Alfredo.


Famous picture, great composition! Splendid. Congratulation.

LIKE & FAV. ;-)

Thank you and kindly greetings,

Gabriele ✿ܓ


Daniel Michels 7 days ago

(^-°) Hi dear Mehmet,splendid shot,superb composition,like + fav!

Best regards,Dan.

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on July 26, 2013
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Mehmet Güçlü
    • Camera: NIKON CORPORATION NIKON D90
    • Taken on 2013/04/26 16:44:27
    • Exposure: 0.005s (1/200)
    • Focal Length: 18.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/13.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO200
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • Flash fired

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