Sölvesborg, Ask & Embla Brunn - IRR

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History of the city

As the water from the Baltic Ice Lake withdrew, the land around present-day Sölvesborg became accessible to settlers from what today is Denmark. The first people to settle were farmers; remains of their presence have been found in the area dating back to the stone age, mostly in the area around Gammalstorp, Siretorp and Istaby. The hill in the east, marking the border towards Karlshamn called Ryssberget, was a direct creation of the glacial movements. On the western side of the hill, the different times of ice withdrawal are clearly noticeable. The old, now drained lake of Vesan was also a product of the ice age. The port town of Sölvesborg was founded in the 12th century, between the mountain Ryssberget and the bay to the east (Sölvesborgsviken), but the city itself has grown up around the church, the monastery and later on the castle. The oldest part of the church of Saint Nicholas is from the 12th century. In the 14th century, the church formed part of a Carmelite convent. In 1564 Sölvesborg took over the city charter of Elleholm. At about the same time as the church was built, the castle took shape. The oldest part are slightly younger than the church, and although the earliest days are not well documented,[3] it is supposed that it was originally merely a fortress. The castle came to be extended - both its height as well as the area it covered during the years. The city was granted its charter in 1445 by the Scandinavian king Christopher of Bavaria. The history of Sölvesborg is marked by its location on the main road connecting the then Danish districts of Skåne and Blekinge, therefore a fortress was built as Sölvesborg was the main city in the province of Sölvesborg (called Sölvesborgs län). The origin of the name Sölvesborg is unclear, but is believed to come from the founder of the castle, Sölfwitz or Sölvitz. The name thus means the castle (Borg) of Sölfwitz. Others[4] claim that the mentioned Sölve might be the Norse Viking King Sölve or Salve. During the Middle Ages and well into the 16th century, Sölvesborg marked a strategic city in the west, together with the easternmost city - Kristianopel. During its heyday, the city came to host many of the ruling Danes when they came to visit the town.[3] One notable character to inherit the Sölvesborg castle, was Sören Norby, which he was granted after his leaving Sweden, as he had fell out of favour with the Swedish king, Gustav Vasa. With the Danish king Christian IV, change came to be. The old town west to Sölvesborg, Vä, was burnt down during the wars with Sweden and Christian wanted to replace it with a new one – Christianstad (the city of Christian). In order to accomplish this, the trade privileges for Vä and Sölvesborg were withdrawn and given to Kristianstad. The city thus became less important and subsequently fell behind. Some minor production, such as a Faience factory between 1773 and 1798 made no major impressions. The castle was abandoned after the Danish defeat to the Swedes at the battle of Knäred in 1637. Rather than letting the Swedes seize the castle, the foreman of the castle decided that it should be burnt. Today, nothing but ruins remain, but the old castle in Bäckaskog is of the same age and of similar construction. The now defunct city privileges were not restored until in 1841, by the Swedish king Carl XIV.

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Comments (151)

Inge Röpke on March 3

♥Thank you so much Nikos, for your visit, kind words and LIKE65/30:)))
Warm greetings from Sweden, Inge:)))♥

Sirka on March 17

Fine composition!F31&L66

Inge Röpke on March 17

♥Thank you so much Sirka, for your visit, kind words and LIKE66/31:)))
Warm greetings from Sweden, Inge:)))♥

FaSon on March 19

Super! A very nice sculpture! L/F! Best regards!

Inge Röpke on March 19

♥Thank you so much FaSon, for your visit, kind words and LIKE67/32:)))
Warm greetings from Sweden, Inge:)))♥

Inge Röpke on March 22

♥Thank you so much Cергей , for your visit, kind words and LIKE68:)))
Have a nice Sunday and warm greetings from Sweden, Inge:))))))))♥

Beautiful View,Excellent Shot,
Greetings from India,Kamalakar.
Keep Panoramio ALIVE.

Inge Röpke on May 2

♥Thank you so much Kamalakar, for your visit, kind words and LIKE69/33:)))
Have a nice weekend and warm greetings from Sweden, Inge:)))♥

Chinappi 2 days ago

For me, this is a very interesting capture. As far I understand, the job was well done.

Thanks you for sharing. Of course, I LIKE this photo.

More generally, you have a beautiful gallery.

See you soon… Best regards from Grasse, in France.


Inge Röpke 2 days ago

♥Thank you so much Bernard, for your visit, kind words and LIKE70:)))
You are very welcome again:)))
Have a nice weekend and warm greetings from Sweden, Inge:)))♥

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on August 22, 2013
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Inge Röpke
    • Camera: Canon PowerShot G12
    • Taken on 2013/08/06 14:48:58
    • Exposure: 0.001s (1/800)
    • Focal Length: 15.67mm
    • F/Stop: f/4.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO80
    • Exposure Bias: 0.33 EV
    • No flash