Juyongguan From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
( ECoordinates: 40.2882°N 116.0686°E).This photo at (40°17′17″N 116°04′05″E)
Juyongguan or Juyong Pass is a mountain pass located in the Changping District of Beijing Municipality, over 50 kilometers (31 mi) from central Beijing. The Great Wall of China passes through.
Juyongguan (pass) is in the 18-kilometer (11 mi)-long Guangou Valley. The pass is one of the three greatest mountain passes of the Great Wall of China. The other two are Jiayuguan and Shanhaiguan (passes). Juyongguan Pass has two 'sub-passes,' one at the valley's south and the other at the north. The southern one is called "Nan (pass)" and the northern is called "Badaling".
In the middle of the Juyongguan (pass) and Guangou Valley, there is the Cloud Platform gate (in the photo,left lower,square structure), also known as the "Crossing Street Tower". It was built in 1342 during the Yuan Dynasty, and made of white marble with a height of 9.5 metres (31 ft). There were originally three white pagodas atop the platform, giving it the name of "Crossing Street Tower". They were each destroyed in the transitional period between the late Yuan and early Ming Dynasties. In the early Ming Dynasty, a Buddhist Tai'an Temple hall was built on the platform. It was destroyed in 1702 during the Qing Dynasty.
The Yuan era Cloud Platform remains. Around the top of the platform are elements such as stone balustrades and a watch post. They are remain in the original Yuan style. On the platform are carvings of Buddhist figures and symbols, as well as Buddhist texts written in six languages and scripts .
In the middle of the platform's base there is an arched portal(in the photo,right lower,arched structure) - where people, carts, horsemen, and palanquins could pass through. Many images of people and animals were carved inside the arched gate tunnel and around the portal. See also