Naqsh-e Jahan Square (Persian: میدان نقش جهان Maidān-e Naqsh-e Jahān; trans: "Image of the World Square"), known as Imam Square (میدان امام), is a square situated at the center of Isfahan city, Iran. Constructed between 1598 and 1629, it is now an important historical site, and one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. It is 160 meters wide by 508 meters long (an area of 89,600 m2). The square is surrounded by buildings from the Safavid era. The Shah Mosque is situated on the south side of this square. On the west side is the Ali Qapu Palace. Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque is situated on the eastern side of this square and the northern side opens into the Isfahan Grand Bazaar.
Masjed-e emam - The Pinnacle of Safavid Architecture
The Crown Jewel in the Naghs-e Jahan Square was the Masjed-e emam , which would replace the much older Jameh Mosque in conducting the Friday prayers. To achieve this, the emam Mosque was constructed not only with vision of grandeur, having the largest dome in the city, but Shaykh Bahai also planned the construction of a religious school and a winter-mosque clamped at either side of it.
Ali Qapu Palace: Ali Qapu (pronounced, ah-lee gah-pooh) is in effect but a pavilion that marks the entrance to the vast royal residential quarter of the Safavid Isfahan which stretched from the Maidan Naqsh-i-Jahan to the Chahar Bagh Boulevard. The name is made of two elements: "Ali", Arabic for exalted, and "Qapu" Turkic for portal or royal threshold. The compound stands for "Exalted Porte". This name was chosen by the Safavids to rival the Ottomans' celebrated name for their court : Bab-i Ali, or the "Sublime Porte"). It was here that the great monarch used to entertain noble visitors, and foreign ambassadors. Shah Abbas, here for the first time celebrated the Nowruz (New Year's Day) of 1006 AH / 1597 A.D. A large and massive rectangular structure, the Ali Qapu is 48 m (157 ft) high and has six floors, fronted with a wide terrace whose ceiling is inlaid and supported by wooden columns.
On the sixth floor, the royal reception and banquets were held. The largest rooms are found on this floor. The stucco decoration of the banquet hall abounds in motif of various vessels and cups. The sixth floor was popularly called (the music room) as it was here that various ensembles performed music and sang songs. From the upper galleries, the Safavid ruler watched polo games, maneuvers and horse-racing below in the Naqsh-i-Jahan square
میدان نقش جهان ( میدان امام) میدان مرکزی شهر اصفهان است که در مجموعه تاریخی نقش جهان قرار دارد.
بناهای تاریخی موجود در میدان نقش جهان شامل عالیقاپو، مسجد امام ، مسجد شیخ لطفالله و سردر قیصریه است. علاوه بر این بناها دویست حجره دو طبقه پیرامون میدان واقع شدهاست که عموماً جایگاه عرضهٔ صنایع دستی اصفهان میباشند.
میدان نقش جهان در تاریخ ۸ بهمن ۱۳۱۳ در فهرست آثار ملی ایران ثبت شد و در اردیبهشت ۱۳۵۸ جزء نخستین آثار ایرانی بود که بهعنوان میراث جهانی یونسکو نیز به ثبت جهانی رسید