The Meteora is a huge cluster of dark rocks rising out of Kalambaka, near the first hills of Pindos and Chasia. The monasteries of Meteora, which is built on top of some rocks, is now the second most important group of monasteries in Greece after Mount Athos. Of the thirty who have been historically, currently operating only six, which from 1988 included in the world heritage list of UNESCO.
The creation of the geological landscape, although it has occasionally employed many Greek and foreign geologists, not yet clearly understood. It is interesting that neither the Greek Mythology or ancient Greeks nor stranger historian has been reported in this area.
According to the theory of the German geologist Philipson, who visited Greece in the late 19th century, the creation of these huge boulders due to one deltoid cone river boulders and limestone rocks for millions of years pouring into areas covered then Thessaly. The geological changes of centuries and lifted aposfinosan this section, when the waters retreated in the Aegean. So later in the Tertiary period reached the Alpine folds of the Pindos mountain range, the cone is cut from the compact form of the individual creating smaller, ones that exist today, and among them the valley of the river Peneus.
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