Detail of the Birch: Tinder Fungus - Tonderzwam.

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Fomes fomentarius (commonly known as the tinder fungus, hoof fungus, tinder conk, tinder polypore or ice man fungus) is a species of fungal plant pathogen found in Europe, Asia, Africa and North America. The species produces very large polypore fruit bodies which are shaped like a horse's hoof and vary in colour from a silvery grey to almost black, though they are normally brown. It grows on the side of various species of tree, which it infects through broken bark, causing rot. The species typically continues to live on trees long after they have died, changing from a parasite to a decomposer.

Though inedible, F. fomentarius has traditionally seen use as the main ingredient of amadou, a material used primarily as tinder, but also used to make clothing and other items. The 5,000-year-old Ötzi the Iceman carried four pieces of F. fomentarius, concluded to be for use as tinder. It also has medicinal and other uses. The species is both a pest and useful in timber production.


De tonderzwam, ook wel tondelzwam, (Fomes fomentarius, synoniem: Polyporus fomentarius) is een paddenstoel die behoort tot de familie Polyporaceae. De schimmel groeit op dode of halfdode bomen, waarbij berken de voorkeur genieten. De donkergrijze tot donkerbruine, tot 20 cm grote paddenstoel is hoefvormig. De tondelzwam werd vroeger gebruikt als tondel voor het maken van vuur. De tondel werd samen met vuurstenen in een tondeldoos meegenomen. Met de vonken van tegen elkaar geslagen vuurstenen werd een plukje aangestoken, waarna met de smeulende tondel een houtvuur kon worden aangeblazen. Uit de kern gesneden schijven werden tot een soort juchtleer bewerkt, waarvan dameshandschoenen en wondlappen werden gemaakt. In Roemenië en Hongarije worden nog hoofddeksels van de tondelzwam gemaakt.

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Comments (38)

« Previous12Next »
Bassam Jayousi on November 6, 2013

Very nice shot! Like

Greetings, Bassam


Corry on November 6, 2013

~Bassam

Thank you very much, Bassam, for your very nice compliment and like.

Have a wonderful day. Warm greetings, Corry

longdistancer on November 6, 2013

Pretty big one! L#18

Bengeltje on November 6, 2013

Wat een kanjers, prachtig!!

like

Groeten,

Bengeltje

Auko Mensinga on November 6, 2013

Prachtig mooi deze zwam Corry YSL Gr.Auko.

Pom' Angers on November 6, 2013

9* 21 :)

Corry on November 7, 2013

Thank you very much, dear PA friends, for your visit, wonderful compliments, likes and faves.

Warm greetings, Corry

Hartelijk dank Bengeltje en Auko voor jullie mooie reactie en waardering.

Vriendelijke groetjes, Corry

ELIDA on November 8, 2013

Excelente preciosa captura, la naturaleza siempre nos sorprende.LK+FAV Saludos.Elida.

ΧΡΗΣΤΟΣ ΑΡΓΥΡΙΟΥ on November 8, 2013

Πανέμορφη λήψη απο τους γοητευτικούς σε ομορφιά μύκητες,πολύ ομορφη δουλειά!Φιλικούς χαιρετισμούς,Χρήστος!!!

Corry on November 11, 2013

ELIDA

Χρηστος Αργυριου

Thank you very much, dear PA friends, for your visit, very nice responses, likes and fave.

I appreciate it very much.

Have a wonderful evening. Warm greetings, Corry

Fritz Dällenbach on November 11, 2013

Very nice this one.

LIKE

Greetings from Switzerland

Fritz

Corry on November 13, 2013

z0df

Many thanks, Fritz, for your very appreciated visit, kind compliment and like.

Have a wonderful day. Warm greetings from Holland, Corry

Diane - No Views on November 14, 2013

The underside of this fungus looks so creamy and "touchable." LIKE this shot very much, Corry.

Corry on November 14, 2013

Diane

Many thanks for your very nice response and like.

Warm greetings, Corry

peacemaker453354 (No… on November 20, 2013

Hi, Corry...very interesting shape...well taken..YsL-11/26...have a nice day..Johnnie..

Corry on November 27, 2013

peacemaker

Hello Johnnie. Thank you very much for your wonderful and kind compliment and YSL.

I'm very happy with it. Warm greetings, Corry

Giannino NO VIEWS on April 12, 2014

amazing mushrooms - L I K E - The best wishes from Rome - Gianni

Corry on April 13, 2014

Giannino Lux

Many thanks, Gianni, for your very kind response and like.

Warm greetings, Corry

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on November 3, 2013
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Corry
    • Camera: Canon EOS 600D
    • Taken on 2013/10/31 16:42:58
    • Exposure: 0.020s (1/50)
    • Focal Length: 18.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/4.500
    • ISO Speed: ISO100
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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