Arch of Hadrian in Jerash - Jordan ....{by Bassam}

Selected for Google Maps and Google Earth

The Emperor Hadrian visited Jerash in AD 129-130. The triumphal arch (or Arch of Hadrian) was built to celebrate his visit. A remarkable Latin inscription records a religious dedication set up by members of the imperial mounted bodyguard wintering there.

Jerash is the site of the ruins of the Greco-Roman city of Gerasa, also referred to as Antioch on the Golden River. Ancient Greek inscriptions from the city as well as literary sources from both Iamvichou and the Great Etymology establish the foundation of the city as being by Alexander the Great or his general Perdiccas, who settled aged Macedonian soldiers there (Γερασμένος-Gerasmenos means aged person in Greek). This took place during the spring of 331 BC, when Alexander left Egypt, crossed Syria and then went to Mesopotamia. It is sometimes misleadingly referred to as the "Pompeii of the Middle East or Asia", referring to its size, extent of excavation and level of preservation (though Jerash was never buried by a volcano). Jerash is considered one of the most important and best preserved Roman cities in the Near East. It was a city of the Decapolis. Jerash was the birthplace of the mathematician Nicomachus of Gerasa (Greek: Νικόμαχος) (c. 60 – c. 120 AD). Recent excavations show that Jerash was already inhabited during the Bronze Age (3200 BC - 1200 BC). After the Roman conquest in 63 BC, Jerash and the land surrounding it were annexed by the Roman province of Syria, and later joined the Decapolis cities. In AD 90, Jerash was absorbed into the Roman province of Arabia, which included the city of Philadelphia (modern day Amman). The Romans ensured security and peace in this area, which enabled its people to devote their efforts and time to economic development and encouraged civic building activity. In the second half of the 1st century AD, the city of Jerash achieved great prosperity. In AD 106, the Emperor Trajan constructed roads throughout the province, and more trade came to Jerash. The Emperor Hadrian visited Jerash in AD 129-130. The triumphal arch (or Arch of Hadrian) was built to celebrate his visit. A remarkable Latin inscription records a religious dedication set up by members of the imperial mounted bodyguard wintering there. The city finally reached a size of about 800,000 square meters within its walls. The Persian invasion in AD 614 caused the rapid decline of Jerash. However, the city continued to flourish during the Umayyad Period, as shown by recent excavations. In AD 749, a major earthquake destroyed much of Jerash and its surroundings. During the period of the Crusades, some of the monuments were converted to fortresses, including the Temple of Artemis. Small settlements continued in Jerash during the Ayyubid, Mameluk and Ottoman periods. Excavation and restoration of Jerash has been almost continuous since the 1920s.

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Comments (246)

romulus111 on September 21

Urokliwa architektoniczna budowla Dobre photo like Thank you for visit nice comment - Greetings Romulus

Frederic Baiges on September 21

Una foto molt bonica. Like

Salutacions.

Mhamed Zarkouane on September 24

Pour faire en sorte que Panoramio soit sauvé, svp, signez et faites signer le formulaire de pétition pour ceux qui veulent que Panoramio reste ouvert. (10.000 signatures minimum sont nécessaires). Merci au nom de la Communauté.

Luppo Lui on October 3

Hello dear Panoramigos;

KEEP THE PANORAMIO COMMUNITY ALIVE – PETITION – we need 10 000 signature, please SUPPORT!

feel free to get information from Draken, Febrok or myself about a new panoramio start!

L

cheers from Budapest, Diemo

Very nice shot. YSL. The Google is going to kill our dear Panoramio community. PLEASE SIGN THE PETITION FORWARDED BY THE PANORAMIO FOUNDERS. Greetings. Alende

julianna szula on October 6

Nice building, good shot. L Greetings, Julia

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on November 5, 2013
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Bassam Jayousi
    • Camera: NIKON COOLPIX S9200
    • Taken on 2013/10/19 15:04:15
    • Exposure: 0.001s (1/1250)
    • Focal Length: 8.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/4.400
    • ISO Speed: ISO125
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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