C. Michael Hogan
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Panoramic view of the Pali Aike volcano from the crater interior. The view spans the southeast to southwest directions. Faintly visible in the photo center are grazing wild guanacos. This landform is situated within the Pali Aike Parque Nacionale. The most recent eruption of Pali Aike has been dated to approximately 170,000 years before present.

Stones in lower left of image are part of the ruins of this hillfort. The island of Pseira is faintly visible at the distant end of the Gulf of Mirabello. A portion of the coastal city Agios Nikolaos is visible as a whitish extent in the gulf foreground (generally in the image lower left).

Photographer is standing atop the ancient drystone ruin of an astromomical observatory of the Aztatlan peoples. This archaeological site dates from the Post-Classic Period, with precursor elements dating to circa 200 BC. Foreground is the dry subtropical forest of Careyeros Hill, while the background is the low lying coastal plain along the Bahia Banderos.

Photographer is standing on a terrace at the southwestern edge of the Nim Li Punit Mayan ruins. The view is of the coastal lowlands of southeastern Belize, which lands are very low lying, level and often swampy. The foreground is understory vegetation surrounding the Nim Li Punit site. The photographer is standing at elevation approximately 150 feet above mean sea level. On the horizon are some coastal hills. not far from the Gulf of Honduras.

This modern Mayan farm replicates crops grown in this vicinity about 1400 years ago in the Chaa Creek watershed. Largely unexcavated Mayan ruins are situated nearby, representing a significant sized unexplored ancient satellite city. Chaa Creek forms a confluence with the Macal River several kilometers southwest of this Mayan farm.

Photo taken within the site of the ancient Roman city of Volubilis, which was earlier a Carthaginian settlement. The town of Moulay Idriss is visible in the hills of the background.

The drystone construction of these steps is completely mortarless. Lubaantun has been dated to at least as early as the Mayan Classic Period (e.g. 730 to 890 AD), but many researchers such as Gann, Mitchell-Hedges and Childress consider the site to be much older, by as much as a milennium. Because of the dating controversy, some do not even classify the site as simply Mayan, although Mayan people clearly inhabited and improved the site in the Classic Period.

The ridge on the horizon is the western edge of the Hamada du Guir, a massive barren rocky plateau in Algeria. I am standing atop one of the easternmost ridges of the Erg Chebbi dunes that allows an expansive view to the east.


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