The Bent Pyramid, located at the royal necropolis of Dahshur, approximately 40 kilometres south of Cairo, of Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu, is a unique example of early pyramid development in Egypt, about 2596 BCE. This was the second pyramid built by Sneferu.
The lower part of the pyramid rises from the desert at a 55-degree inclination, but the top section is built at the shallower angle of 43 degrees, lending the pyramid its very obvious "bent" appearance.
Archaeologists now believe that the Bent Pyramid represents a transitional form between step-sided and smooth-sided pyramids (see Step pyramid). It has been suggested that due to the steepness of the original angle of inclination the structure may have begun to show signs of instability during construction, forcing the builders to adopt a shallower angle to avert the structure's collapse. This theory appears to be borne out by the fact that the adjacent Red Pyramid, built immediately afterwards by the same Pharaoh, was constructed at an angle of 43 degrees from its base. Another theory suggests that at the initial angle the construction would take too long because Sneferu's death was nearing, so the builders changed the angle to complete the construction in time.
The Bent Pyramid has a small satellite pyramid which was the final resting place of Sneferu's queen; interestingly there is a connecting tunnel which runs twenty-five metres between the two pyramids, which was built so that Sneferu could visit his queen in the after life. It also has an early form of offering temple on its eastern side. It is also unique amongst the approximately ninety pyramids to be found in Egypt, in that its original polished limestone outer casing remains largely intact.
The ancient formal name of the Bent Pyramid is generally translated as, (The)-Southern-Shining-Pyramid, or Sneferu-(is)-Shining-in-the-South.
كلية الهندسة جامعة القاهرة ,, أحلى الأيام
el le3ba dih gamda moot we fe ra2yi dih to3tabar 2akwa le3ba fe dream park
ana 3amel zayik ,, ana bardo 2a7eb 2asawer el manzar 2ly 2odamy be3'ad el nazar 3an mo7tawah ,, 2aham 7aga 2eny 2atala3 el camera we 2asawar ,, keda bardo walla 2eh ?? :)
3ala fekra ba2a el sora dih gamda gedan ,, bas law kont 3reft tesawarha men 3'er el 3arabyat kant hatb2a 2a7san :)
Any time :P
el sora dih raw3a
Lucky you :) ,, Will, I live next to this hotel ;P
This isn't Cairo ,, This is a poor district of Giza !!