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元朝,元世祖至元十五年(公元1278年),将海南的琼州改为琼州路。仍由吉阳军管辖南海诸岛。1279年,元代天文学家郭守敬进行“四海测验”时在南海的测量点就是黄岩岛。是时,宋代的军制多已改州,唯四川行省的长宁军和湖广行省的南宁(今儋州市)、万安(今万宁市)、吉阳(今三亚市)三军未改,是以特殊行政制度管理边疆的方法,可见其统治者对海防边疆的重视。元世祖忽必烈还亲派著名天文学家郭守敬到西沙群岛进行天文测量,表明主权归属元代王朝而无疑。 明初,海南设立统一的地方行政管理机构--琼州府,隶属广东。恢复崖州、儋州、万州。将南海诸岛划归琼州府领属的万州管辖。并明确区分为“南澳气”、“七洲洋”、“千里长沙”、“万里石塘”等四大岛群(即今的东沙、西沙、中沙、南沙群岛)。清朝,前期和中期基本沿袭明制不变。至清明后期,东沙群岛归属惠州管辖。西沙群岛、南沙群岛、中沙群岛仍由海南的万州管辖。自此南海诸岛分属于不同的两个州级地方行政机构管辖。 1909年,清朝广东水师提督李准率领“伏波”号、“琛航”号军舰前往西沙群岛巡航,给15座岛屿逐一命名,以示西沙群岛属于中国领土。其中以随行军舰“伏波号”命名“伏波岛”(后改称“晋卿岛”),西沙群岛永乐群岛中的琛航岛是以“琛航”号军舰命名的。1910年,李准著《广东水师国防要塞图说》,并奏请朝廷。 民国时期,1911年辛亥革命后,广东省政府宣布把西沙群岛划归海南崖县(今三亚市)管辖。1921年,南方军政府又重申了这一政令。第二次世界大战结束后,根据1943年中英美三国的《开罗宣言》和1945年7月《波茨坦公告》的精神,1946年秋抗战胜利次年,当时的中华民国政府海军司令部派出”太平”号、“永兴”号、“中业”号、“中建”号4艘军舰前往西沙群岛、南沙群岛执行进驻接收任务,其中“永兴”、“中建”两舰在舰队副指挥官姚汝钰率指挥下抵达西沙群岛,以“永兴”号、“中建”号命名了“永兴岛”、“中建岛”,11月在永兴岛码头处立“海军收复西沙群岛纪念碑”。海军司令部海事处上尉参谋张君然被任命为第一任海军西沙群岛管理处主任。1946年,中华民国海军陆战队驻防永兴岛。12月收复“太平岛”,并在岛东端立下“南沙群岛太平岛”碑石。随后接收人员又到【中业岛】中业岛,古称铁峙,讹作铁峙岛[来源请求](他加禄语:Pag-Asa(派格阿萨岛),邦阿西楠文:Ilalo,越南语:đảo Thị Tứ)、西月岛、南威岛,分别在岛上立碑为证,在岛上举行接收仪式,重竖主权碑;并在南沙群岛中最大的岛屿--太平岛驻军队和设立渔民服务站。1956年 中华民国海军先后派出立威部队、威远部队和宁远部队三次巡察南沙群岛。[3]在巡弋过程中,曾在太平岛、南威岛、西月岛重树石碑、举行升旗礼,并改编为“南沙守备区”,改派海军陆战队守备太平岛。 1956年,5月11日,菲律宾(他加禄语:Republika ng Pilipinas)马尼拉航海学校校长汤玛斯克罗马带同40人到南沙群岛探险,并声称发现了中业岛等9个主要岛屿,命名为自由地(Kalaayan,意指Freedom Land,自由地),成立“自由邦政府”。Yuan Dynasty , Kublai Khan Yuan fifteen years ( AD 1278 ) , the Hainan Qiongzhou to Qiongzhou Road . Still under the jurisdiction of the South China Sea islands Geesun army . 1279 , carried out in the South China Yuan astronomers GuoShouJing measurement point "universal test" that Huangyan Island . Yes, the military system has changed the Song of multi- state , Changning Army and Hubei and Hunan provinces of Sichuan province in Nanning Wei (now Danzhou ) , Wan An (now Wanning City ) , Ji Yang (now in Sanya City ) armed forces are not change, is a special administrative system management frontier approach , showing the importance of its rulers coastal frontier . Kublai Khan also pro- camp to the famous astronomer GuoShouJing Paracel astronomical measurements indicate that sovereignty over the Yuan dynasty and no doubt . Early Ming, Hainan establishment of a unified local administration bodies - Qiongzhou , under the Guangdong . Recovery cliff , Danzhou, Wanzhou . The South China Sea islands Qiongzhou collar was placed under the jurisdiction of the genus Wanzhou . And a clear distinction between " South Australian gas" , "seven continents ocean " , "Trinidad Changsha " , "Miles Tong " and the four islands ( now the Dongsha , Xisha, sand, Spratly Islands ) . Qing Dynasty, the early and mid basically followed the prescribed system unchanged. To the late Ching Ming , the Dongsha Islands attribution Huizhou jurisdiction. Paracel Islands , Spratly Islands , the Dongsha Islands still Hainan Wanzhou jurisdiction. Since then, the South China Sea islands belong to two different state-level local administrative authorities. In 1909 , the Qing Guangdong Admiral Lee Jun led the " Fubo " No , " Chen Hang " warship to the Paracel Islands cruise , to 15 named islands one by one , to show Paracel Islands belong to Chinese territory. Among the accompanying warships " Fubo number" name " Fubo Island " ( later renamed " Jinqing Island " ) , Paracel Islands, Paradise Island is the Sum Air " Chen Hang " warship named. In 1910, Lee Jun of " Guangdong Navy defense fortress drawings " and petitioned the court . Republic of China, in 1911 after the Revolution , the Guangdong provincial government announced that the Paracel classified Hainan Cliff County (now Sanya City ) jurisdiction. In 1921, the Confederate government has reiterated this decree . After World War II , according to the Anglo-American three of the "Cairo Declaration " and in July 1945 in the spirit of 1943 " Potsdam Proclamation " in 1946, the fall of the war victory the following year , when the government of the ROC Navy Command sent a "peace " No , " Yongxing " number "in the industry," No. " built in " number four warships to the Paracel Islands , Spratly Islands stationed receiving task to perform , including " Yongxing " , "built " two ships in the Fleet deputy Commander Yao Yu Yu arrived in the Xisha rate under the command of " Yongxing " No , "built " was named " Yongxing Island " , "built in the island ," Nov. stand in Yongxing Island Ferry at " Navy recovered Paracel Islands Monument " . Naval Command, Marine Staff Captain Zhang Jun was appointed as the first naval contingent Paracel Management Office . In 1946, the Republic of Marines stationed Yongxing Island. December recover "Peace Island ", and in the eastern end of the island has achieved " peace Spratly islands" monument . Then went to the reception staff in the industry [ Island ] in the industry island , ancient iron Zhi, falsely as iron Zhi Dao [ citation needed ] ( Tagalog : Pag-Asa ( faction Gee Sa islands ) , Pangasinan text : Ilalo, Vietnamese : đảo Thị Tứ), west on the island , South Island, were erected on the island as evidence , the ceremony was held on the island , re- erected monument sovereignty ; and the largest island in the Spratly Islands - Pacific Island fishermen in the army and the establishment of service stations . 1956 Republic of China Navy has dispatched troops Li Wei , Weiyuan Ning forces troops and three patrol the Spratly Islands . [ 3 ] In the cruise process, worked in Taiping Island , South Island, West Tsukishima heavy tree monument, flag-raising ceremony was held , and adapted for the " Nansha garrison area" , reassignment Marines garrison Taiping Island. 1956, May 11 , Philippines ( Tagalog : Republika ng Pilipinas) Manila Rome sailing school principal Tom Ma Sike bring 40 people to the Spratly Islands adventure, and claimed to have discovered the islands in the industry , such as nine main islands , named to free (Kalaayan, meaning freedom Land, free ) , set up a " free State government ."

Beautiful shot!

I like it

Best wishes from china, zw22wz

南國山河
南 國 山 河 南 帝 居
截 然 定 分 在 天 書
如 何 逆 虜 來 侵 犯
汝 等 行 看 取 敗 虛

tàn phá tự nhiên là đây. Đẹp thế này mà vì miếng cơm manh áo đành cho nổ tung làm xi măng

Sót sa quá Nghĩa nhỉ! Rất vui biết được có bạn cùng cảm xúc đó. Giá có phần hoa sen với những mảnh núi bị phá nham nhở phía sau là những nhọn núi con xanh..thì hiệu quả cảm xúc lớn hơn nữa!

Khong biet day co phai la dau rong thieng cua Thang Long!!! Schoene Gruesse fra Oslo thanh8ha@yahoo.com

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