The above enclosure, at the foot of Mount Uhud contains in the centre the graves of Hamza (r.a.), Abdullah bin Jasht (r.a.) and Mus’ab bin Umair (r.a.) who were all martyred in the Battle of Uhud. The rest of the martyrs of Uhud are buried behind this enclosure.
Hamza ibn Abdul Muttalib was one of the finest huntsmen and greatest warrior of the Arabs. In the battle of Badr, he had killed many of the Qurayshi nobles and now he cut his way through their ranks like a mighty wave sweeping all before it. One of the Qurayshi nobles had a black slave called Wahshi from Abyssinia (present Ethiopia) who could use the javelin with great skill. Hind, the wife of Abu Sufyan, promised Wahshi freedom and his master Jubayr bin Mut’im also promised him the same as Hamza (r.a.) had killed his uncle in Badr. Wahshi prowled amongst the fighters until he saw Hamza (r.a.). He says, “I held my spear and balanced it well, then I aimed it. It entered into his abdomen and went out the other side. I waited until he was dead, then I took my spear and went to wait in the camp. I had no quarrel with anyone. I killed him only to be set free.” Wahshi later on in life became a Muslim and killed Musailimah, the imposter who claimed Prophethood after the demise of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.).
When the tide of war turned towards the Quraysh, the women of Quraysh, led by Hind, whose brother, uncle and loved ones had been killed in Badr began to mutilate the Muslim dead. She particularly vented her fury on the body of Hamza (r.a.), cutting off his nose and ears, making a slit in his chest, taking out his liver, chewing it but unable to swallow it. The Prophet (s.a.w.) was greatly grieved when he came upon the body of his beloved uncle. Years later, when Makkah lay open at his feet, he gave all its inhabitants, including Hind a free pardon. Hind subsequently accepted Islam.
Mus’ab (r.a.) held the flag of Islam. When the Muslims on meeting defeat were dispersing in confusion, he held the flag and stood at his post like a rock. An enemy came and cut his hand with a sword, so that the flag might fall and the defeat might be accomplished. He at once took the flag in the other hand. The enemy then cut the other hand also. He held the flag to his bosom with the help of his bleeding arms. The enemy at last pierced his body with an arrow. He fell dead and, with him fell the flag that he had not allowed to fall while he was alive. Another Muslim ran and took over the flag. At the time of his burial, he had only one sheet to cover his body. This sheet was too short for his size. When it was drawn to cover the head, the feet would be exposed, and when it was drawn to cover the feet, the head would become uncovered. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:
“Cover his head with the sheet, and his feet with the ‘Azkhar’ leaves.”
Around sixty-five Ansar and four Muhajirun were honoured with martyrdom while there were twenty-two fatalities among the polytheists.
The Jews kept waiting the outcome of the battle in their safe dwellings. Mukhairiq, a person amongst the Jews told his people that they must lend support to Prophet Muhammad. “We can’t fight for this is Saturday,” they replied. He said, “This is the fighting between the Prophet and the disbelievers, so Saturday can’t stand in the way.” He took his sword and pronounced that in case he was killed, all of his property should be given to Muhammad (s.a.w.) and non should go against him. He joined the battle and was killed. When the Prophet (s.a.w.) came to know of this, he remarked, “He was the best of the Jews.”
The Prophet (s.a.w.) instructed the martyrs to be buried still covered with blood, in the condition that they had fallen. Two or three of the martyrs were buried in a single grave. In some cases, he directed his Companions to shroud the martyrs in pairs. The martyr who had learned more of the Qur’an was lowered in the grave first. Paying tribute to their sacrifice in the cause of Allah, the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “I shall be a witness unto them on the Day of Resurrection.”
As they retrieved the bodies of their martyred brothers, the people came upon the body of Hanzlah bin Abu Amer (r.a.) above the earth with water dripping from it. The Prophet (s.a.w.) explained to his men, “The angels are bathing him.” Apparently, the newly married Hanzlah had just consummated his marriage when the call for Jihad was made. Without even stopping to bathe, he left his bride and rushed into the battlefield. Hanzlah fought heroically and was martyred, so the Prophet (s.a.w.) explained that the angels were bathing him to purify his body. Hanzlah was forever remembered as “Ghaseel Al-Malaaika” (one bathed by the angels).
The Prophet (s.a.w.) used to visit the graves of the martyrs of Uhud and thus it is sunnah to also visit them. However, care should be taken not to engage in any innovative or non-Muslim practices such as supplicating to the martyrs, throwing letters or money into the graveyard, the tying of threads or tawaf.
History of Madinah Munawwarah – Dr. Muhammad Ilyas Abdul Ghani
Fazail-e-Aamal – Sheikh Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhalvi
The History of Islam – Akbar Shah Najeebabadi
The life of Muhammad – Tahia Al-Ismail
The Beloved Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam put on his coat of arms and went for the Battle of Uhud in 3 A.H, 625 C.E with about 700 of his noble Sahāba (Companions) Rady Allāhu ‘Anhum against about 3000 better armed non-believers. In this battle, the Muslims received a set-back and about 70 Sahāba Rady Allāhu ‘Anhum were martyred. Even so, after this battle, Islām spread more and more, and far and wide. This shows that whether Muslims win a battle or receive a set-back, Islām always spreads as it is a universal religion for the whole of humanity till the end of time.
These then are the names of the Muslim martyrs of the Battle of Uhud in alphabetical order following the Arabic alphabet. Some of the letters do not occur because none of the martyrs had names beginning with those letters.
May Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā make us walk in the footsteps of the Sahāba, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhum, Āmīn Yā Rabb al-‘Ālamīn.
Please recite “Sayyidinā” before each name and “Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu” (Allāh is pleased with him) after each name.
Iyās bin Aws al-Badrī al-Awsī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Thābit bin ‘Amr bin Zayd al-Badrī al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Thaqf bin Farwah al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
al-Hārith bin Anas bin Rāfi‘ al-Badrī al-Awsī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Husayl bin Jābir al-Awsī, Abū Hudhayfa al-Yamān, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Asadullāh wa Asadu Rasūlihī, Sayyidush Shuhadā’
Hamza bin ‘Abdul Muttalib al-Badrī al-Muhājirī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Hanzala bin Abī ‘Āmir al-Awsī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Khā’ (wa) Dhāl
Khārijah bin Zayd bin Abī Zuhayr al-Badrī al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Dhakwān bin ‘Abdi Qays al-Badrī al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Rā’ (wa) Zāy
Rāfi‘ mawlā Ghaziyya bin ‘Amr al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Zayd bin Wadī‘ah al-Badrī al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Subay‘ bin Hātib al-Awsī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Salamah bin Thābit bin Waqsh al-Badrī al-Awsī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Sulaym bin al-Hārith al-Badrī al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Sahl bin Qays bin Abī Ka‘b al-Badrī al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Shīn (wa) Sād (wa) Dād
Shammās bin ‘Uthmān al-Badrī al-Muhājirī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Damrah bin ‘Amr al-Badrī al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
‘Āmir bin Umayya al-Badrī al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
‘AbdAllāh bin Jubayr al-Badrī al-Awsī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
‘AbdAllāh bin Jahsh al-Badrī al-Muhājirī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
‘Ubayd bin at-Tayyihān al-Badrī al-Awsī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
‘Ubayd bin al-Mu‘allā al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
‘Amr bin Thābit bin Waqsh al-Awsī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
‘Amr bin al-Jamūh al-Badrī al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
‘Antarah as-Sulamī al-Badrī, mawlā Sulaym bin ‘Amr al-Badrī al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Qāf (wa) Kāf
Qurrah bin ‘Uqba al-Awsī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Kaysān, mawlā Banī ‘Adī bin an-Najjār al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Mālik bin Iyās al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Mus‘ab bin ‘Umayr al-Badrī al-Muhājirī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Nūn (wa) Wāw (wa) Yā’
Nu‘mān bin Khalaf al-Muhājirī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Nawfal bin ‘Abdillāh al-Badrī al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Wahb bin Qābūs al-Muhājirī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Yasār mawlā Abi’l Haytham bin at-Tayyihān al-Awsī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Abū Ayman, mawlā ‘Amr bin al-Jamūh al-Khazrajī, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu
Wallāhu a‘lam (Allāh knows best).
‘Izzuddīn ibn Athīr Abi’l Hasan ‘Alī bin Muhammad al-Jazarī (555-630 A.H), Usdu’l Ghābah Fī Ma‘rifati’s Sahābah (Learning About The Companions, Lions in a Forest), Dār u’l Kutub al-‘Ilmiyya, Beirut, 1415/1994.
He gives the biographies of about 6700 sahāba and about 1000 sahābiyāt, that is the male and female Companions of Prophet Muhammad, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, in alphabetical order. He indicates the sources, and gives details about the slight variations in reporting the full names of some of the Companions in the different sources. A study of this reveals that about half of the Muslim martyrs of the Battle of Uhud (3 A.H, 625 C.E) were al-Badrī as well, that is, those who had earlier participated in the Battle of Badr in 2 A.H, 624 C.E against non-believers.
As-Sayyid Imām Ja‘far bin Hasan bin ‘Abdul Karīm al-Barzanjī (1690-1766 C.E), Asmā’ Shuhadā’ Uhud Rady Allāhu ‘Anhum (The Names of the Martyrs of Uhud), in Mukhkhul ‘Ibāda (The Kernel of Worship), compiled by al-Habīb as-Sayyid ‘AbdAllāh bin Mustafā bin Hasan al-Aydarūs, n.d, p. 493-496.
This is a Tawassul Shuhadā’ Uhud, that is, a supplication to Allāh through the means of the martyrs of Uhud. It is a rāiyya, a poem all of whose 30 verses end and rhyme in the letter rā. It contains only the first names of the Companions.
Shaykh Mustafā Rushdī bin Ismā‘īl ad-Dimashqī, Asmā’ Shuhadā’ Uhud Rady Allāhu ‘Anhum (The Names of the Martyrs of Uhud), in Jabr u’l Kasr (Mending The Broken), Maktaba Ishā‘ah al-Islām, Delhi, n.d, p.23-24.
This is a Tawassul Shuhadā’ Uhud. It is a rāiyya, a poem all of whose 24 verses end and rhyme in the letter rā’. It contains only the first names of the Companions in alphabetical order but indicates as well whether they are the Muhājirīn, that is the Emigrants from Makka, or the Ansār, that is, the Helpers from Madīna, and among the Ansār, whether they belong to or allied with the two major tribes of Aws, hence called Awsī, or Khazraj, hence called Khazrajī. He composed the Tawassul in 1308 A.H.
Shaykh ‘AbdurRahmān Chohravi, Majmū‘a Salāwāt i’r Rasūl (A Compendium of Blessings on Prophet Muhammad, may the peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), Anjuman Rahmāniyya, Chittagong, Bangladesh, 1982. Shaykh ‘Abdur Rahmān Chohravi passed away in 1342 A.H.
Part of Juz 30, p. 24-25 contain the salawāt woven together with the names of the martyrs of the Battle of Uhud in alphabetical order.
Al-Hājj Muhammad bin Nāsir bin ‘AbdAllāh al-Qādirī ash-Shāfi‘ī, Hidāya lis-Sālik wa Najāh li’l Hālik fi’t Tawassul bi Ahli Badr wa Shuhadā’ Uhud (Guidance For Spiritual Travellers and Salvation For The Doomed), Jumu‘iyya Zāwiyatul Qādiriyya, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 1385/1965, p. 40-46.
This is a Tawassul Ahl Badr as well as Shuhadā’ Uhud in prose. It gives the first names of the Companions in alphabetical order, indicating whether they are the Muhājirīn or the Ansār, and among the Ansār, whether they belong to or are allied with the tribe of Aws or Khazraj.
It is generally agreed among Muslim historian that seventy Muslims were martyred in the Battle of Uhud. Even so, Imām al-Barzanjī has the names of 103 Companions whom he considers to have been martyred, Shaykh Mustafā Rushdī ad-Dimashqī and al-Hājj Muhammad bin Nāsir al-Qādirī ash-Shāfi‘ī have 101 and Shaykh ‘Abdur Rahmān Chohravi has 86. One reason why the list is greater than 70 is that in some instances, Muslim historians and the ‘ulamā (the learned) are not absolutely sure from the evidence they have collected whether a particular Companion was actually martyred at Uhud or not. So, perhaps they have decided to err in including the name rather to err in leaving it out.
Wallāhu a‘lam (Allāh knows best).
Thank you for your comments Erika R.
Martyrs of Uhud
Masjid Jummah, on the boundary of Madinah marks the site where the Prophet (s.a.w.) led the first Jummah salat, shortly after his Hijrah (migration) from Makkah. It is about 2.5 km from Masjid-e-Nabwi.
The Prophet (s.a.w.) left Quba on a Friday to head into Madinah. About a kilometer from Quba he passed the village of Banu Salim bin Auf. The people of Banu Salim implored: “O Prophet of Allah, you stayed at the homes of our cousins for a number of days, reward us too with something, for they will pride themselves over us till the Day of Judgement that you stayed with them”. The Prophet (s.a.w.) dismounted and offered his first Jummah in their locality.
Approximately one hundred Muslims participated in this first Jummah salah. Amongst them were the Prophet’s (s.a.w.) relatives from Bani an-Najjar who had come to meet him and some from Bani Amr who had escorted him from Quba.
After performing the Friday prayer, the Prophet (s.a.w.) mounted Qaswa (his camel) and set off for the city of Madinah.
Masjid Jumma is also known by Masjid Bani Salim, Masjid al wadi, Masjid Ghubaib and Masjid Aatikah.
According to ibn Jarir, he delivered this khutbah (sermon):
“Praise belongs to Allah. I praise Him, ask for His help and seek His Forgiveness and beseech Him for Guidance. I believe in Him and do not reject Him. I despise those who disbelieve Him. And I bear witness that there is no God but Allah, the One, Who has no partner, and that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger who is sent with guidance and true religion, light and admonition, when there has not been a Messenger for a long time, when knowledge is but little, men are misguided, and end of time is near, death being at hand.
He who obeys Allah and His Messenger is indeed guided and he who disobeys them is lost on the wrong path, is fallen down to a terrible misguidance.
And I urge you to fear Allah – the best advice a Muslim may give to another Muslim, urging him to prepare for the Hereafter and to fear Allah. O People; keep away from that which Allah has asked to shun. And there is no counsel greater than that and no remembrance greater than that. Know! For him who fears Allah in his pursuits, the best course is taqwa (righteousness) in affairs of the Hereafter. He who keeps his relationship with Allah, both secret and open, correct – being sincere – that will be an asset for him after death more than zikr in this world. But if anyone fails in that then he would wish that his deeds were kept away from him. As for him who believes and fulfils his promise then;
“The word is not changed with Me, nor do I wrong (My) servants.” [50:29]
Muslims! Fear Allah in what concerns you now and what will follow, in what is hidden and what is open, for,
“And he who fears Allah, He will acquit him of his evil deeds and He will magnify reward for him.” [65:5]
And those who fear Allah will gain a mighty success. It is fear of Allah that keeps away His disapproval, punishment and wrath. It is taqwa (fear of Allah) that brightens the countenance, pleases the Lord and raises ranks.
O Muslims! Pursue good fortune but do not lag behind in rights of Allah. He taught you His Book and guided you on the path that the righteous and the false may be distinguished. O People! Allah has been good to you and you should be like that to others. Keep away from His enemies and strive in His cause with determination. He has chosen you and named you Muslims so that he who perishes, does so for worthy cause and he who lives, follows a worthy cause. And every piety is done with His help.
O People! Remember Allah. Strive for the Hereafter. As for him, who corrects his relationship with Allah then Allah correct his relationship with other people.
Know! Allah judges over people but is not judged by anyone. He is their Master but they have no power over Him. Allah is the Greatest. And there is no power (to do good) except with Allah the Mighty.”
Muhammad – Martin Lings
History of Madinah Munawwarah – Dr. Muhammad Ilyas Abdul Ghani
The Prophet Muhammad - Ibn Kathir
Masjid Quba Mosque مسجد قباء
Quba is the place on the outskirts of Madinah where the Prophet (s.a.w.), accompanied by Abu Bakr (r.a.) arrived and first stayed after emigrating from Makkah. They arrived on Monday 12th Rab’i al-Awwal, fourteen years after Prophethood and this date marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar (Hijra). (16th July 622 CE). A masjid was established here by the Prophet (s.a.w.), the first to be built in Islam.
The virtue of Masjid Qubas is mentioned in the following Quranic verse in Surah Taubah:
“...certainly a masjid founded on piety from the very first day is more deserving that you should stand in it...” [9:108]
The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “He who purifies himself at his home and comes to Masjid Quba and offers two rakats therein, will be rewarded the reward of an Umrah (lesser pilgrimage).” [Sunan ibn Majah]
The people of Yathrib (which was later named Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, the Enlightened City) had long awaited the Prophet (s.a.w.), and each day they would go beyond the fields and palm groves and wait for him until the sun became unbearable. One day the people returned to their homes after waiting a long time for the Prophet. A Jew happened to catch a glimpse of a small group of white-robed travellers in the distance. He called out: “O people of Arabia! What you have been waiting for has arrived!”
The Muslims lifted their weapons and rushed to greet the Prophet (s.a.w.). There was a great clamour as everyone ran to the edge of the desert to catch a glimpse of the travellers. The Prophet (s.a.w.) then turned toward the right and came to Banu Amr bin Auf at Quba. Most of the Muslims who had emigrated from Makkah had stayed at Quba and many of them were there when the Prophet (s.a.w.) arrived.
After reaching Quba, the Prophet (s.a.w.) dismounted. Those of the Ansar (literally meaning ‘the supporters’, the name given to those in Al-Madinah who became Muslim) who had not seen the Prophet (s.a.w.) thought that Abu Bakr (r.a.) was the prophet because his hair had grown a little gray. But when they saw Abu Bakr shade the Prophet (s.a.w.) with a sheet, they realized their mistake.
“O People, give unto one another greetings of peace; feed food unto the hungry; honour the ties of kinship, pray in the hours when men sleep. Even so shall ye enter paradise in peace.”
On arriving in the village of Quba after the blessed Hijra (migration), the Prophet (s.a.w.) stayed for several days in the house of Kulthoom bin Hadm (r.a.) and laid the foundations of Masjid Quba on his land. Prior to the migration of the Prophet (s.a.w.) the Muslims sometimes offered their Friday prayers at the house of Sa’ad ibn Khaithamah (r.a.) which was close by. The location of this house was included in the modern day extension of Masjid Quba but the location of the house of Kulthoom bin Hadm (r.a.) is marked by a few boulders to the south-west of Masjid Quba.
The Prophet (s.a.w.) personally carried stones, rocks and sand with his companions for the construction work. Al-Tabarani quoted Al-Shimous Bint Al-Nuaman as saying, “I saw the Prophet when he constructed this mosque. He used to carry stones and rocks on his back until it was bent. I also saw dust on his dress and belly. But when one of his companions would come to take the load off him, he would say no and ask the companion to go and carry a similar load instead.”
Ali (r.a.) stayed on for three days after the Prophet (s.a.w.) secretly left Makkah for Madinah. During this period he settled all the Prophet’s (s.a.w.) affairs in Makkah. He then left on foot and met up with the Prophet (s.a.w.) in Quba.
Narrated by Abdullah bin Dinar: Ibn 'Umar (r.a.) said, "The Prophet used to go to the Mosque of Quba every Saturday (sometimes) walking and (sometimes) riding."
Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) led the first group prayer from Quba Mosque when Al-Aqsa Mosque in Al-Quds (Jerusalem) was the Qibla at the time. That Friday he left Quba with Abu Bakr (r.a.). He sent a message to Banu Najjar, the house of his maternal grandfather. His kinsmen came to Quba and joined the Prophet (s.a.w.) on his way to Madinah.
History of Madinah Munawwarah – Dr. Muhammad Ilyas Abdul Ghani
When the Moon Split – Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri
Muhammad – Martin Lings
History of Madina – Ali Hafiz
AzeezAhmed, உங்களின் கருத்துக்கு நன்றிகள்.