Set on a bluff in the centre of a plain, the fortress of Tiryns is a Cyclopean structure dating from the 18cBC, a well preserved masterpiece of ancient military architecture. Like Mycenae it came under Perseus' rule, then it was governed by the son of Perseus and Andromeda, Alkaios, who was succeeded by Amphitryon. Amphitryon: king of Tiryns, had married his cousin Alkmene. Zeus who was captivated by Alkmene's beauty, took advantage of one of Amphitryon's absence to introduce himself to Alkmene disguised as her husband. Following her union with first a god and then a mortal Alkmene gave birth to two sons: the one, lacking in ability, was called Iphikles and took after Amphitryon while the other, brave and strong, was called Heracles (Hercules) and took after Zeus.
Dodoni (Ancient Dodoni grew out of a sanctuary dedicated to Zeus where a famous oracle flourished from the second millennium BC until the 4c BC. this oracle made known its pronouncements through the whispering of the breeze, known as Helloi or Selloi. The theatre one of the largest (130m/427ft broad by 22m/72ft high) and one of the best preserved of ancient Greece. It was originally constructed in the late 3c BC, destroyed in 219 BC and rebuilt in the reign of Phillip V of Macedon (221 - 179 BC). Under the Romans it was transformed into an arena for gladiatorial and animal combats, at this time the arena was separated from the public by a wall which is still in place.
Levadia, a lively town, an important junction in the road network and an industrial centre, the textile mills treat the cotton grown in the Copais valley. The upper town is graced by white houses with jutting wooden balconies dating from 18c. Where the water springs of Krya are, lies the Municipal Cafe "XENIA". During the ancient times, Krya is said to be the location of the Oracle of Trofonios Zeus which included the springs of Mnemosyne (Remembrance) and the spring of Lethe (oblivion).
The palace of Agamemnon in Mycenae. The archaeologists & scientists agree that the Mycenaean civilization ended at 1100BC, but they disagree on the century of its beggining.
To the south-east of the sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi is the sanctuary of Athena Pronaia. The most important buildings in it are the goddess's two temples, dating from the 5th and 4th c. and the Tholos, which was built about 380BC. *A jewel of the first half of 380 B.C. the famous Tholos of Delphi is a work by Theodorus of Phocaea.
View from Lycabetous hill. Behind the Acropolis is the port of Piraeas.
Nafpactos (This charming little city at the northwest end of the Gulf of Corinth was fortified by the Venetians in the 15C. Under its medieval name of Lepando it recalls the famous naval battle which took place in 1571 between the Christian fleet from Spain, Genoa, Naples, Malta and Venice with the Turkish fleet of Sultan Selim.
The Agora, which extends over the north-west slopes of Acropolis, was the heart of ancient Athens from the late 6th c. BC onwards. It was a place for political gatherings and debate, for elections, religious occasions and trading activities, theatrical performances and athletic competitions. The word “Agora” drives from the word “ageiro” meaning “I gather”. In the beginning somebody spoke in an open space and people gathered around. He came back and they came back to listen. Another orator took his place and people went on gathering around the speakers. Peddlers came with their goods, and gradually shops were built around this open space, and the orator’s stand finds its permanent place. The Agora – market place – is born.
Another beautiful view of the light and slender columns of the Temple of Poseidon. In the bay below were boat -houses, of which some remains can be seen. At the west end of the headland are preserved two ship sheds protected by the fortification wall. They consist of two slipways, deep, long cuttings in the rock, on which rested a wooden structure that protected the bottom of the ships when they were dragged out of the sea. The ships were kept here for use in case of emergency
Nafplio is divided into the old and the new town. The old town was built mainly in the days of the governor Ioannis Capodistrias, at the beginning of the 19th c, but buildings still exist from the Venetian era. The new town is an ordinary Greek town with no special assets, so stroll about the old, historical quarters with their neoclassical buildings, charming squares and majestic fonts. Nafplio has known tourism since the first decades of the century. It is a colorful town with culture and history and tallies entirely with the standards of the demanding modern visitor for accommodation, meals and entertainment.