Ian Stehbens
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Dear Ivan,

Welcome to the Queensland coast. It is a beautiful coast and I am pleased to be able to share it with you. Sorry I am late replying.

Best wishes,

Ian

Hi Lex,

It was one of the hottest days ever recorded here, and the storm event that came at the end was rather awesome, rapid, and dramatic. It had everyone out with their cameras.

All the best,

Ian

Kolovai Fort was built by the Teekiu people and by the Motu'apuaka Clan.

William Mariner, whose account of his years in Tonga are published in The Tonga Book. February 1805- June 1811 makes it clear that King Tuku'aho was killed here, in the West (Hihifo), in a fort with water access.... and not too distant from Ha'akili (the western tip of Tongatapu), which is different from what some have believed, viz Tuku'aho was killed in the east of Tongatapu.

Tupouniau and Finau "and their followers betook themselves as quickly as possible to Ha'akili. Early in the morning confusion and dismay reigned in Tongatapu. Men and women ran they know not wither, unknowing whether to join this party or that. Old men were seen making speeches to the people, encouraging them to avenge the death of their chief. The numerous relations and friends of the deceased King ran about beating their breasts and weeping. Shells were heard blowing in every quarter as signals of war and disturbance to assemble the friends of the late Hau and to summon together the partizans of liberty. Finau and Tupouniua in the course of a few hours assembled together a considerable number of adherents. After launching their canoes in case their retreat from the island should be necessary, they proceeded to Hihifo, the place where the Hau was killed. When they arrived there, their first concern was to destroy the enemy's canoes; and they succeeded in doing it after some opposition. They next directed their march to the place where the loyalists were assembled, about three quarters of a mile distant from Hihifo. A general battle took place which lasted till night with great slaughter on both sides. Finau's party was at length repulsed and forced to fly back to Ha'akili wherre they remained till the evening of the ensuing day.."

Dear Sione Tukia,

I appreciate your advice about the history of Kolovai Fort.

Thank you for the information that the Kolovai Fort was built by the Teekiu people and by the Motu'apuaka Clan.

The written authority which seems to me to confirm what I have written was William Mariner whose account of his years in Tonga are published in The Tonga Book. February 1805- June 1811. If I have misinterpreted anything, then I am fully responsible for that.

I would love to be able to sit in a kava circle with you and learn from you more about the death of Tuku'aho, especially to learn the associated locations and routes taken by Finau and Tupouniua at that time. The following quote from William Mariner makes it clear that Tuku'aho was killed in the West - in a fort, that had canoe access... and not too distant from Ha'akili (the western tip of Tongatapu), which is different from your understanding.

Tupouniau and Finau "and their followers betook themselves as quickly as possible to Ha'akili. Early in the morning confusion and dismay reigned in Tongatapu. Men and women ran they know not wither, unknowing whether to join this party or that. Old men were seen making speeches to the people, encouraging them to avenge the death of their chief. The numerous relations and friends of the deceased King ran about beating their breasts and weeping. Shells were heard blowing in every quarter as signals of war and disturbance to assemble the friends of the late Hau and to summon together the partizans of liberty. Finau and Tupouniua in the course of a few hours assembled together a considerable number of adherents. After launching their canoes in case their retreat from the island should be necessary, they proceeded to Hihifo, the place where the Hau was killed. When they arrived there, their first concern was to destroy the enemy's canoes; and they succeeded in doing it after some opposition. They next directed their march to the place where the loyalists were assembled, about three quarters of a mile distant from Hihifo. A general battle took place which lasted till night with great slaughter on both sides. Finau's party was at length repulsed and forced to fly back to Ha'akili wherre they remained till the evening of the ensuing day.."

I have very much appreciated learning Tongan history from Tongans, and at the same time reading the landscape as a geographer.

I would have liked to have met you and discussed the history when I was in Tekiu, Kolovai and Nukunuku.

I would welcome any further comment, or discussion.

Yours appreciatively,

Ian

Lovely place and composition, you got my like! Greetings from Germany, Thomas

Ola Conquilha bonita photo, hacho que o rio que passa por Arcos de Valdevez é o rio Vez e não o Lima, parabéns outra vez pela photo, saudações

Excellent photo. LIKE

Very great!!! I like it! Greetings : Lajos

Greetings Christian, Thanks for the visit and the comment. Glad you like the thermal feature. Cheers, Rich

Like :)

Very beautiful macro on the snow

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