'Here arrived an oracle from Delphi prophesying the status of the city Theseus, son of Aegeus, offspring of the daughter of Pittheus. Many are the cities to which my father has established endings and branchings within confines of your foundation. But you may not be tired and with a spirited mind take decisions. The wineskin will traverse the tulmutuous seas. The historians of the city say that this is what Cybil uttered crying The wineskin may be submerged; its sinking is not divinely decreed.' From Plutarch's Lives. Theseus.
'During all this time, Aethra concealed the true birth of Theseus while there was word spread by Pittheus that he was begotten by Poseidon. The Troezenians highly revere Poseidon and this god is the protector of their city; to him they offer the first fruits and have a trident as an emblem on their coinage. When he became a young man,and displaying along with the physical vigor, prowess and spirit assured with intelligence and sagacity, then Aethra bringing him to the rock and revealing the truth about his birth, called upon him to take the paternal symbols (the sword and the sandals) and to sail to Athens. Theseus put his shoulder to the rock and lifted it easily but refused to make the journey by sea despite its safety and the entreatments of his grandfather and mother. It is difficult to take the road Athens on foot because it is neither clear nor dangerless from the robbers and evil-doers.' From Plutarch's Lives. Theseus.
'For the senators were called patricians because they were fathers of lawful children or rather they could prove who their fathers were as not many of the crowd that first streamed into the city could prove. According to others, it is derived from the word patronia because so was called the protection until now, reckoning a certain Patron from the group that arrived with Evander (from Pallantion, Peloponnese), who by being guardian and supporter of the weak he left his name on these types of deeds.' From Plutarch's Lives. Romulos.
'At this point, the wisest of the Athenians looked upon Solon as being the only one clear of sins neither associated with the rich in committing injustice nor having the needs of the poor, entreated him to walk into the public life and put an end to the differences..... It is said that words of his were going around earlier saying that equality does not breed war was liked by both the property owners and the indigents. The former were expecting equality based on wealth and excellence, the latter on measures and numbers......Some also say that this Pythian oracled was given to Solon Go amidst the ships to take the responsibility of the government. Many in Athens will be your assistants.' From Plutarch's Lives. Solon.
Sajnálom, hogy csak ma vettem észre a kedves kommentedet. Eszerint te is láttad. Nagy élmény volt, ugye?
'At eighteen years of age, the Athenians enroll their names and take an oath to serve the republic till their sixtieth year. None but citizens, however, are permitted to take the oath. Of these there are at present twenty thousand, ten thousand strangers and about forty thousand slaves.' From The Travels of Antenor in Greece and Asia. Chapter 109.
'The Athenians receive very strong impressions from all external objects, and in them everything seems endued with expression not only in their countenances and looks but all their gestures and attitudes. The rapid motion of their blood and animal spirits gives them that activity of mind and force of conception which accelerate the process of thought. It has been observed that at Athens men speak more in a single day than at Sparta in a year.' From The Travels of Antenor in Greece and Asia. Chapter 109.
'Thus, returning to the people such inclined, he immediately undertook to shake the situation and completely alter the state of public life because the particularity of the laws had neither effect nor benefit. As someone, in the case of a weak body full of all kinds of diseases, abolish the condition and change the temperament with drugs and purges, start another, new beginning. Realizing that first he went to Delphi, and after sacrificing to the god, he returned bringing that famous oracle: Oh beloved of the gods, god rather than man Pythia addressed him that god declared to grant good laws and promised the most powerful constitution of all.' From Plutarch's Lives. Lycourgos.
'On one hand, seeing the city filled up with people constantly streaming from everywhere to Attica for security and, on the other, the sea-merchants not importing any merchandise to the ones who had nothing for exchange, Solon steered the people towards vocational occupations.' From Plutarch's lives. Solon.
'The temple of Demeter at Eleusis is extremely magnificent and it is deemed to be sacred so that hides of beasts are spread on the ground that it may not be defiled by the feet of the profane, who are obliged to stand on their left foot until they get purified. Persons of both sexes and of all ages are initiated in this solemnity and it is not without consequences weather they chose to take that step for it is considered a heinous crime to neglect it. This was part of the accusation for which Socrates was condemned to death.' From The Travels of Antenor in Greece and Asia.Chapter 103.