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Thanks for your comment. It is the reality of that country.

Homenaje a las Cabezadas

Спасибо за перевод

Très joli cliché, @++

Hola, simplemente comentarte que el arroyo de la foto no es el río Huéznar sino el regajo de "Martín Álvarez" que como habrás podido comprobar desemboca en el mismo nacimiento del Huéznar, pero no es ese. Un saludo.

Basmach (басмач) - a fighter against communism in the years 1920-1930.

Throughout the Clivil War years and the 1920s the Reds were opposed in Central Asia by Turkic guerrillas known as Basmachi (derived from the Uzbeki word basmak — to attack).

The Reds generally referred to them as 'armed bands', even though some detachments were well organised, with a semblance of uniform and their own insignia.

The major hotbeds of Basmachi fighting were the Ferghana, Alay and Arpin valleys, the Bukhara, Samarkand and Khiva (or Khorezm) regions, and around the town of Krasnovodsk and in Kirghizia. More than 200 Basmachi detachments operated in the Ferghana valley (1917-24).

The most important among them were those of the rebel leaders: Yrgush; Madamin-bek; Kurshirmat; Makhkum-Hadja; and Akbar-Ali.

By 1921 these leaders were attempting to dress their warriors in similar outfits: typically black, white or khaki gymnasterkas.

In Kurshirmat's detachment junior officers wore white full-moon badges on their sleeves, and senior officers had red half-moons.

In Turkmenistan (1918-27) more than 9,000 Basmachi fought under Junaid-Khan.

From 1918 to 1923 heavy fighting took place in the Samarkand region, where the Muchin-Bek Khanate was proclaimed an independent state.

The Soviets managed to fully suppress the Basmachi movement only in May 1933.

En homenaje y agradecimiento a todas las víctimas del terrorismo, cuya memoria permanece viva en nuestra convivencia y la enriquece constantemente. Los ciudadanos de Madrid, 11 de marzo de 2005.

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