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Aggregation means the organization of elements of a system into patterns that tend to put highly compatible elements together and less compatible elements apart. Landscape theory Predicts how aggregation will lead to alignments among actors (such as nations), whose leaders are myopic in their assessments and incremental in their actions. The predicted configurations are based upon the attempts of actors to minimize their frustration based upon their pairwise Propensities to align with some actors and oppose others. These attempts lead to a local minimum in the energy landscape of the entire system. The theory is supported by the results of two cases: the alignment of seventeen European nations in the Second World War and membership in competing alliances of nine computer companies to set standards for Unix computer operating systems. The theory has potential for application to coalitions of political Parties in parliaments, social networks, social cleavages in democracies and organizational structures.

The Times has run a particularly interesting story regarding the new apparently preferred method of the government to close railway lines down without compensation. A ghost bus has been set up without telling anyone and with the apparent desire to conceal this fact from the public, even the existence of the service.

This absurd situation came about when the DfT withdraw carriages from the route from Birmingham to Brighton via Kensington (Olympia) for use elsewhere to relieve overcrowding, despite the fact that eighty people used each train daily. Therefore stretches of track in West London are now no longer used and would have to go through a closure process if it were not for this unpublicised bus service running.

The old southern boundary of the parish was about three houses south of the junction of Hanway Street with Tottenham Court Road. The houses on the west side of the road, which are shown in Tallis's View, have now been mostly rebuilt or altered, and the side streets, the openings to which alone reproduce the old arrangement, have, several of them, changed their names. The lower end of the road, a little south of Hanway Street, formed part of Bozier's Court, in the parish of St. Anne's, Soho, where a block of buildings, now removed, stood in the roadway. The numbering of the houses starts in Tallis's View, north of Bozier's Court, and Hanway Street comes between Nos. 5 and 6. Danks' Floor Cloth and Carpet Warehouse (No. 9) is chosen by Tallis for one of his vignettes, in which he shows the building in detail. Tudor Place, Stephen Street and Percy Street are shown and at the end of Windmill Street can be seen the elevation of Percy Chapel. Between this and Goodge Street a small alley, called Kirkman's Place, appears, and then after Chapel Street comes Whitfield Chapel and Burial Ground with its iron railings and two entrance gates. J. & J. Goddard (1842-c.1924) were suppliers of harmonium and American organ reeds and cavity boards. They also supplied parts for pianos and pipe organs, and their full catalogue ran to 199 pages. Some advertisements are re-produced by Ord-Hume [103]. The remaining stock of reeds was bought by Michel Jacot in the 1960s. In 1920 you could buy a cavity board with 4 rows of un-tuned reeds for £120. The following is from the preface to the 1920 catalogue number 50.

Among the Slavic, Germanic, and Celtic races the ancient belief in the great Mother of Grains has persisted to our day in the form of many superstitious practices connected with fall harvesting, especially with the "last sheaf" in every field. Sometimes the sheaf is personified, molded into the form of a straw doll and, as "harvest baby," carried in joyful procession from the field to the village. In Austria it is shaped into a wreath and placed on the head of a girl who then is designated at the harvest festival as "queen" or "bride" (Erntebraut). Similar customs were universally practiced in England, where the last load brought home with great rejoicing bore the name "horkey cart," and in Scotland, where the last sheaf is called "kirn [grain] doll."

In northern France harvesters, seated on top of the last load brought home from the fields, chant an ancient traditional tune to the text Kyre-o-ôle. This is an interesting relic of folklore from Carolingian times, when shepherds and field workers cheered their solitary toil by singing the Kyrie eleison as they had heard the monks sing it at High Mass. In southern France the last sheaf was tied in the form of a cross, decorated with ribbons and flowers, and after the harvest celebration was placed in the best room of the house to be kept as a token of blessing and good fortune.In Cornwall (Kernow) Crying the Knot is an ancient pre christian ritual still held in that separated part of the British Isles, often carried out in the fields and spoken in Kernewek, that nations own language, in English the ritual begins "I have un, I have un, I have un," a repetitive incantation called whilst the last handfull of corn, oats or barley is held aloft...

The apple of the eye, which is surrounded by the iris, is called אִישֹׁון, the man (Arabic insân), or in the diminutive and endearing sense of the termination on: the little man of the eye, because a picture in miniature of one’s self is seen, when looking into another person’s eye. בַּת־עַיִן either because it is as if born out of the eye and the eye has, as it were, concentrated itself in it, or rather because the little image which is mirrored in it is, as it were, the little daughter of the eye (here and Lam2:18). To the Latin pupilla (pupula), Greek κόρη, corresponds most closely בָּבַת עַיִן, Zec2:12, which does not signify the gate, aperture, sight, but, as בַּת shows, the little boy, or more strictly, the little girl of the eye. It is singular that אִישֹׁון here has the feminine בַּת־עָֽיִן as the expression in apposition to it. The construction might be genitival: “as the little man of the apple of the eye,” inasmuch as the saint knows himself to be so near to God, that, as it were, his image in miniature is mirrored in the great eye of God.

More like 'The New Barbarism'. Architectural Onanism. We'd be better off if that crew - Le Corbu, Walter Gropius, Mies Van der Rohe, the Bauhaus and Yale Box gangs had all been strangled at birth. Le Corbu would have got on well with Hitler - both totalitarians concerned with imposing their visions on how people should live.

Eric Ravilious, was inspired by and depicted the Sussex landscape studied at Eastbourne School of Art, and at the Royal College of Art, where he studied under Paul Nash and became close friends with Edward Bawden.

He began his working life as a muralist, first coming to notice as an artist in 1924. He went on to become one of the best-known artists of the 1930s. His watercolours, painted with a fine stippling technique within compositions that give light or dark features a telling role, are thought by some to have an almost uncanny loveliness. He was the leading light of wood-engraving in England at that time, and undertook ceramic designs for Wedgwood. He also designed graphics for London Transport.

He was inspired by the landscape of the South Downs around Beddingham. He frequently returned to Furlongs, the cottage of Peggy Angus. He considered that his time at Furlongs "...altered my whole outlook and way of painting, I think because the colour of the landscape was so lovely and the design so beautifully obvious ... that I simply had to abandon my tinted drawings" Some of his most famous works, such as Tea at Furlongs, were painted there.

He produced a woodcut of two Victorian gentlemen playing cricket, which has appeared on the front cover of each edition of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack from 1938 to the current day.

All cats are Grey... Darkness is a curious thing. It is as black as coal, yet shines with luminescent brightness. The sky at night reflects a gloomy light upon the ground, but even the skilled eye must struggle to know what he sees. Night hides the true nature of matters, showing only the imaginings of the lost child’s wandering mind. It is a fickle friend, one that is dangerous to trust.

‘In darkness,’ thought Scyles, ‘the hunter reigns supreme.’

St Hilary's feast day on 13th January has gained the reputation of being the coldest day of the year due to past cold events starting on or around this date.

One of the most severe winters in history began around 13 January in 1205, when the Thames in London, England froze over and ale and wine turned to solid ice and were sold by weight.

"So began a frost which continued till the two and twentieth day of March, so that the ground could not be tilled; whereof it came to pass that, in summer following a quarter of wheat was sold for a mark of silver in many places of England, which for the more part in the days of King Henry the Second was sold for twelve pence; a quarter of beans or peas for half a mark; a quarter of oats for thirty pence, that were wont to be sold for fourpence. Also the money was so sore clipped that there was no remedy but to have it renewed."—Stowe's Chronicle

In 1086, a great frost also started spreading over Britain on St Hilary's Day.


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